Country Reports

Oil shale in Estonia: Fossil fuel policy in a pioneering country

Over the past years Estonia has established a reputation as a pioneer of digital technology beyond the borders of the EU and left its socialist economic system behind. However, with one industry economics and politics have remained loyal to the old system which leaves a lasting imprint on Estonia. more…

Elisabeth Bauer, Jonathan Tappe | March 27, 2018

100 years of the Republic of Estonia

On 24 February 2018, Estonia celebrated its official anniversary. 100 years earlier, the country's first tentative government congregated in Tallinn. The independence celebrations consisted of nation-wide flag ceremonies in the morning, a military parade in the capital Tallinn and the reception of the Estonian president in the evening, which shall continue until 2020. more…

Elisabeth Bauer, Milena Vanini | February 28, 2018

The Crisis in Ukraine: An Estonian Perspective

AN ABSTRACT OF THE ESTONIAN SOCIO-ECONOMIC, POLITICAL AND SOCIAL OUTLOOK AS A RESULT OF THE UKRAINIAN CRISIS.

While the two former Soviet republics are geographically located rather far apart on continental Europe, the crisis in Ukraine has a much greater effect on the Baltic state of Estonia than one would have originally assumed. The narrative of the so-called “artificial” internal Ukrainian boundary drawn up in 1945 that divides the country into a “European-influenced West” and a “Russian-influenced East” permeating European media since Maidan is also reflected in Estonia, which has a significant Russian-speaking minority of its own. more…

March 23, 2015

Russian Minority in Estonia

SOCIAL CO-EXISTENCE, EDUCATIONAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE LABOUR MARKET

The role and influence of significant Russian minorities in Europe came to the fore during the current crisis in Eastern Ukraine and the Russian annexation of Crimea. Russian minorities and their discontent, as well as so-called “pro-Russian separatists”, have repeatedly been addressed by Moscow, and the Russian majority of Crimea’s population served as an official justification for its incorporation into the Russian Federation. more…

Thomas Schneider | March 23, 2015

Estonia’s view to the west

Results and Implications of the 13th Estonian Parliamentary Elections

Estonia continues its consequent orientation to the West, being resembled by commitment to both EU and NATO, also after the parliamentary elections of 1 March 2015. In times of geopolitical and economic tension, Estonians have chosen continuity. Furthermore, the election results indicate a transition in terms of party system composition and the national conservative IRL is to face political challenges. more…

March 10, 2015


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The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.