60 years of Indo-German relations

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As one of the first countries, India diplomatically acknowledged and accepted the Federal Republic of Germany after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The diplomatic recognition of Germany by the Indian government smoothened the way for a long lasting and continuous relationship for over 60 years up to the present day. In 1951, the Indian Union and Germany decided to establish economic relationships to gear up their partnership. With that in mind, the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru made his first visit to post-war Germany and its first Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (Christian Democratic Union – CDU) in the same year.

Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel and former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.(picture: Bundespressearchiv)
Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel and former Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.(picture: Bundespressearchiv)

In 1988, the German coalition government led by the CDU held another meeting between Helmut Kohl and the 6th Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi. Thus, the relationship and friendship between both countries intensified even more. With the partial liberalization and the opening of the Indian market in 1991, both countries recognized the huge potential for investments, whereby the bilateral relations as well as the friendly atmosphere between the two countries were strengthened and deepened once more.

The “Indo-German Agenda for the 21st century”, which was enacted in 2000, substantiated their mutual interest in the expansion of the economic and technological sector, as well as for Science and Culture. In addition to the adopted agenda, a “Joint Statement” was ratified in 2006, underpinning the importance of the strategic bilateral relation and intensifying the relations between the two states. Furthermore, and to underline the importance of those relations, Manmohan Singh, the current Prime Minister of India and Dr. Angela Merkel, chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany held meetings in 2006, 2010 and most recently in 2013.

How significant these bilateral talks and meetings are, was reflected in the signing of the “Joint Statement on the Further Development of the Strategic and Global Partnership between Germany and India” in 2007 on the one hand and the second intergovernmental consultations in 2013 on the other hand. Besides China and Israel, India is one of the first countries outside the European Union, with whom Germany has established such a close partnership.

With regard to the “Year of Germany in India” 2011/2012, the German Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union (CDU/CSU) was enthusiastic about the existence of friendship and partnership with India for over 60 years. Germany and the CDU are looking forward to tap the full potential of the bilateral relations between the two nations in the years to come.

Contact person

Dr. Lars Peter Schmidt †

Resident Representative to India