The bilateral relationship of Afghanistan and Pakistan - Past, Present and Future

June 1 Friday


June 1, 2012


Islamabad, Pakistan


Dr. Yasinzai, Dr. Razia Sultana, Senator Afrasiab Khattak, H.E Umar Daudzai, Dr. Ayaz Wazir, Dr. Abid Ali, Ahmad Fahim Hakim, Dr. Sayed, Ahmad Nader Nadery, Ajmal Shirzai, Baseer Ahmad, Dr. Khalatbari, Dr. Jaspal, Amir Goraya, Sannia Abdullah.



The contemporary world is often obscure about the long historical processes that have created the societies. The mass media pay little attention to the broader historical patterns and contexts of the fast moving events of the current times.

The ongoing crisis in Afghanistan is the one case in point where the roots of Afghan problem lies in its past, which has very strong connection with the present. To understand the Afghan problem there is a need to look into its recent past and in order to identify the follies being made by Afghan leadership and other stakeholders. Without understanding the internal social dynamics of Afghan society and state one cannot draw conclusions for the stable future of Afghanistan. As the U.S and allied forces are determined to leave Afghanistan in 2014, hence, it is high time to consider Afghanistan problem from a broader historical perspective.

The U.S and NATO forces after spending more than a decade in Afghanistan will leave the internally instable Afghan state in 2014 for which the negotiations are going on with different Afghan groups including the Taliban. The U.S and allied forces have chalked out some kind of withdrawal policy, on which different Afghan groups are engaged to agree. Moreover, the credibility and capability of different Afghan institutions like parliament, army and police would also came under discussion, whether they are capable enough to take over from the NATO forces. Other issues like the U.S and its allies withdrawal would be different from the Soviet withdrawal back in late 1980’s or would it be the repetition of that withdrawal.

The impact of U.S withdrawal from Afghanistan on the region particularly the neighboring states like Pakistan and Iran would also be the main point in focus. How Pakistan would protect its interest vis-à-vis Kabul in the post-U.S Afghanistan scenario, needs to be analyzed beforehand. The U.S withdrawal would follow the same pattern of intra and inter groups’ rivalry, which followed the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. The rivalry between different ethnic groups particularly Pashtuns and non-Pashtuns would probably dominate in the post-U.S Afghanistan, hence this issue needs to be analyzed keeping in view the socio-cultural dynamics of Afghan society. Moreover the economic constraints, which would affect the already instable Afghan state and the strategies to cope with the economic issue, cannot be undermined. Further, the spillover of the internal instability in Afghanistan to Pakistan and particularly the Tribal Areas along the Durand Line should be given due importance in the policy formulation and scholarly research. These and other related issues would be the main focus of this one day roundtable conference on the political future of Afghanistan after the U.S withdrawal.


The bilateral relationship of Afghanistan and Pakistan - Past, Present and Future

Opening Session (Seminar Hall, Quaid–i-Azam University)

09:00-09:10 Recitation of Holy Quran 09:10-09:20 Welcome Remarks by Dr. Razia Sultana 09:20-09:30 Inaugural Remarks by Dr. Prof. Masoom Yasinzai, VC 09:30-09:40 Keynote Address by Chief Guest, Senator Afrasiab Khattak

SESSION-I: Historical Perspective of the Afghanistan’s complex situation and its present Implications.

Moderator: Dr. Razia Sultana, QAU

09:40-10:10 Panelists: Ambassador H.E Muhammad Umar Daudzai, Dr. Ayaz Wazir 10:10-10:40 Question & Answer Session 10:40-11:00 Tea Break

SESSION-II: The International Exit Strategy from Afghanistan and Its Regional Impact

Moderator: Dr. Lubana Abid Ali

11:00-11:30 Panelists: Mr. Ahmad Fahim Hakim, Prof Dr. Aslam Sayed 11:30-12:00 Question & Answer Session

SESSION-III: Afghanistan – Pakistan Relations After 2014: Challenges and Prospects

Moderator: Dr. Babak Khalatbari

12:00-12:30 Panelists: Mr. Ahmad Fahim Hakim, Mr. Ahmad Nader Nadery, Mr. Ajmal Shirzai, Mr. Baseer Ahmad, Dr. Zafar Nawaz Jaspal, Mr. Amir Goraya, Ms. Sannia Abdullah, Dr. Razia Sultana

12:30-13:00 Question & Answer Session 13:00-13:15 Wrap up by the Rapporteur, Dr. Ross Masood Husain 13:15-14:15 Lunch


Contact person

Dr. Babak Khalatbari

Head of the KAS office in Pakistan