Food Security

The Role of Asia and Europe in Production, Trade and Regionalism

In order to contribute to the understanding of current challenges and implemented solutions, this publication includes papers with perspectives from Europe and Asia. What are the food policies as well as present challenges in the countries? What can they learn from each other? How do they try to ensure a stable food supply? What impacts do trade, regional initiatives and technology transfer have on food security? These and other questions will be addressed by this publication.

Paul P S Teng and Margarita Escaler provide an analysis of the current state of food security in Asia. Their paper portrays the development over the past decades and explains the multi-dimensionality of food security. Future trends and how those can be addressed through policies are discussed. Finally, the authors take a look at how the EU influences the situation in Asia and what are the possible opportunities for cooperation.

Jun Yang and Xuetao Huang look at food security and policies in the People’s Republic of China. Being the most populated country in the world and characterized by huge development differences, China faces many challenges in ensuring a stable food supply. These challenges and their consequences for food security are analyzed. As fast-growing urbanization has an impact on food production, the authors also look into the role of urban agriculture.

Food security in Indonesia is addressed by Purwanto by providing an overview on the policy changes in the country over the years. Specific attention is given to the role of food security in national development planning as it is an integral part of the strategy. It is argued that the strategy has to involve all stakeholders and the three subsystems of food security – availability, distribution and consumption.

Ritika Sehjpal, Aparna Vashisht, Shailly Kedia and Supriya Francis discuss the linkages between green growth and food security in India. The country has a chronic problem of hunger. Food security and policy initiatives are analyzed in the context of the agricultural sector’s performance and development challenges.

A.N.M. Muniruzzaman addresses food security in Bangladesh. Being one of the most densely populated countries with a high level of poverty and exposed to severe environmental changes, Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to food insecurity. The author analyzes the various threats to food security and its socio-economic impacts by putting it in the regional context and discussing government initiatives.

J. Jackson Ewing and Sandra Silfvast provide a profound analysis of regional initiatives in food security in the European Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). By discussing the situation in two key agricultural countries, France and Thailand respectively, the authors illustrate the connection between the domestic level and the regional level and the challenges arising from this.

Current megatrends in agricultural production are the focus of Rudy Rabbinge and Prem Bindraban’s analysis. Of particular interest is the role of public and private actors in addressing these trends as they direct many developments.

Jerome R. Hassler and Dr.Vilailuk Tiranutti discuss the linkages between fair trade and food security. They argue that fair trade can support sustainable production and consumption chains. However, there are a number of pitfalls and thus, the current system requires certain modifications.

Gouranga Gopal Das analyzes the possibilities for cooperation between Europe and Asia via technology transfer. The paper shows how technology transfer has to go hand in hand with capacity building and entitlement.

Author

Patrick Rüppel

published

Singapore, February 15, 2014