German Energiewende: Lessons for Korea

Making Energy Transitions Successful

Also available in Deutsch

After signing the Paris Agreement, many countries have intensified efforts in decarbonizing their energy systems to address climate change. In Asia, Germany is often seen as a role-model and forerunner in energy transformation. At the World Energy Council's International Energy Symposium 2017 in Seoul, Dr. Peter Hefele, Director of KAS RECAP, shared his insights into the latest development of German energy reform and discussed its implications for Asia.

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Dr. Peter Hefele, Director KAS RECAP, presents lessons from the German Energiewende for Korea at the WEC 2017 Conference in Seoul/South Korea.

With now more than 30 percent of electricity from renewable energy (RE) sources, Germany is leading in the green transformation of its energy system. Whilst tremendous progress has been made on the production side of RE, Germany’s energy transformation now faces severe bottlenecks: upgrading and “smartizing” grid systems, coordination with and integration into the European Energy Union, coping to fulfill the ambitious emissions’ reduction goals due to weak progress in e-mobility and a rapid facing-out of nuclear energy. However, one can be optimistic about the success of the transformation as public support of the energy transformation will remain high, not least due to a long-term public debate, which already begun in the 1970s, and which paved the way for an overwhelming support for increased energy efficiency and substantial financial subsidization of RE. Yet, legal and administrative regulations have to be revised to prevent a further increase of financial burden for private households and companies. Production and distribution market should be even more open to market forces to increase innovation and reduce subsidies.


Dr. Peter Hefele

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China, November 22, 2017


Dr. Peter Hefele

Head of the Regional Project Energy Security and Climate Change in Asia and Pacific

Dr. Peter Hefele
Phone +852 28822245
Fax +852 28828515
Languages: Deutsch,‎ English,‎ Français,‎ Magyar