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In the run-up to the European elections of 2014, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung predicted that the EU’s opponents would grow in strength. Over the last ten to fifteen years, several protest parties whose original attitude had been mainly critical towards foreigners, Islam, or immigration had set up the European Union as their second enemy stereotype. The forecasts were overtaken by reality: Never before have there been as many EU opponents sitting in the European Parliament as now.

INHALT

5 | Preface

9 | Summary

13 | 1. Introduction

19 | 2. EU opponents, EU critics, left- and right-wing populists? Terminological definitions

23 | 3. Key points in the platforms of the EU opponents and critics

27 | 4. EU opponents and EU critics in the European Parliament

27 | 4.1 The European Parliament in the political system of the EU

31 | 4.2 Parliamentary activities of the EU opponents and critics

31 | 4.2.1 Activities in the plenary

38 | 4.2.2 Contents of parliamentary activities

45 | 4.2.3 Activities in the committees

48 | 4.2.4 Voting behaviour

49 | 4.2.4.1. The EU opponents - are they nay-sayers?

55 | 4.2.4.2 Correlations in the voting behaviour

63 | 5. The EU in danger? A year of tougher opposition in the European Parliament

68 | Sources

74 | The authors

74 | Contact at the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

Contact

ImageDr. Viola Neu
Head of Team Empirical Social Research and Deputy Head of Team Politics and Consulting
Phone +49 30 26996-3506
Viola.Neu(akas.de


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