Middle East/North Africa
A peace process between Israel and its neighbours started in 1993 in the Middle East, and since Israel’s right to exist is accepted by the Palestinian liberation movement, the relations between the different countries of the region received a new quality. However, the establishment of a stable peace order is still far away and in particular in Palestine the installation of a democratic and constitutional order and the establishment of new civilian institutions are still connected with large difficulties.
In the southern Mediterranean area economic and also political liberalisation are endangered by the demographic development and social problems. A closer association with the European Union can support the stabilization and strengthening of reforms. The Euro-Mediterranean dialogue is an important and useful instrument in order to bring Europe and North Africa closer to each other. It offers the platform for as important topics as migration processes, Security questions and regional co-operation.
In the Mediterranean and the Middle East, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung pledges for:
- Promotion of peaceful coexistence within the region;
- Promotion of development oriented at democracy, rule of law and social free-market economy;
- Promotion of persons, institutions and processes that initiate political and social liberalisation and modernization;
- Promotion of regional co-operation and integration;
- Promotion of decentralization and local autonomy structures.
Emphasis countries are Israel, the Palestinian Territories and Turkey. Egypt has high importance in the regional context of peace process. Morocco and Jordan are important for the effectiveness of the dialogue programs, especially because of the change of power in both royal houses, which could initialize a progressive democratization.