Publikationen

Gemischte Halbzeitbilanz der Regierung Yahi Boni

Regierungsumbildung soll neuen Schwung bringen

Gut zweieinhalb Jahre nach dem grandiosen Wahlsieg von Yahi Boni ist die Euphorie in Benin verschwunden. Wurde die Präsidentenwahl mit dem Slogan „ Changement“ gewonnen, so gab man später das Ziel an, Benin zum Schwellenland zu machen. „Benin émergent“ wurde zum Schlagwort der Regierung Yahi Bonis.

Nouvelle parution:

Réussir les actions de formation

"Réussir les actions de formation" c'est le titre de l'ouvrage réalisé par François Legounou, géographe, consultant qui a déjà capitalisé une dizaine d'années environ d'expérience en matière d'élaboration, d'animation et d'évaluation de sessions de formation, dans la sous-région ouest africaine. Il y retrace entre autres les stratégies de communication, du leadership et du développement à la base.

Parution d'un livre sur les accords ACP-UE

Les actes de la rencontre sous régionale du Réseau des Jeunes Experts de l’UPADD-AO sur les Accords de Partenariat UE/ACP viennent de paraître. On y retrouve notamment les interventions sur des thèmes tels que : "Les accords de partenariat économique : pourquoi et comment en est-on arrivé là ? , Les APE : enjeux et conséquences pour les pays de la sous région", "Les APE : quelles exigences pour les partis politiques ? "

Machtkampf im Niger spitzt sich zu

Ex-Premierminister drohen 20 Jahre Gefängnis

Der Sahelstaat Niger, eines der ärmsten Länder der Welt, durchläuft zurzeit eine äußerst kritische Phase. Soziale Unruhen drohen, da die Lebensmittelkrise mit ihren Preisexplosionen dem Land sehr zu schaffen macht. Kannte der Niger schon in der Vergangenheit Nahrungsmittelkrisen, welche sich zu Hungersnöten entwickelten, muss der Staat jetzt abermals all seine Kräfte darauf konzentrieren, Schlimmeres zu verhindern. Gleichzeitig hat das Land mit der Rebellion der Tuareg im Norden zu kämpfen, welche u.a. den Wüstentourismus zum Erliegen brachte. Als wenn dies nicht genug Herausforderungen wären, tobt jetzt obendrein noch ein Machtkampf in der Regierungspartei MNSD-Nassra.

Krise in Mali weitet sich aus

Präsident ATT setzt auf Politik der Starken Hand im Tuareg-Konflikt

Nach dem Niger gerät nun auch Mali immer tiefer in die Tuareg-Krise.Mit dem Abkommen von Algier im Juli 2006 glaubte man, die Tuareg-Krise beendet zu haben. Damals gelang es Mali auf dem Verhandlungswege, den Frieden im Norden wieder herzustellen. Geradezu beispielhaft, verglichen mit dem Niger, löste der malische Präsident Amadou Toumani Touré (genannt ATT) damals die Rebellion im Norden des Landes auf.

Die Lebensmittelkrise in Westafrika – ein „wake up call“ für die Regierungen?

Die Menschen in Westafrika leiden unter den stark gestiegenen Lebensmittelpreisen. Innerhalb kurzer Zeit haben sich die Grundnahrungsmittel extrem verteuert. Der Lebensmittelpreisindex der FAO ist im Jahr 2007 um 36 % gestiegen. Auch in 2008 hielten die Preissteigerungen an.

Eine junge Demokratie und ihre Probleme

Die politische Situation in Mali nach den Wahlen des Jahres 2007

General Amadou Toumani Touré, genannt ATT, ist ein Mann der Verhandlungen. Der Präsident Malis, der Karrieresoldat, der Anfang der 1990er Jahre die Transition Malis zur Demokratie ermöglichte, setzt im Konflikt mit dem Tuareg-Führer Ibrahim Bahanga auf Gespräche.

Les Forces Armées et de Sécurité dans la prévention et le règlement des conflits en démocratie

Publication d'ouvrage

L'ouvrage "Les Forces Armées et de sécurité dans la prévention et le règlement des conflits en démocratie" nous retrace en quelques pages, les multiples difficultés auxquelles sont confrontées les Forces Armées dans ce processus. Il constitue aussi une compilation de communications qui ont animé un séminaire sous régional sur la question à Ouaga (Burkina Faso), du 27 au 29 juillet 2006.

Côte d'Ivoire: Der schwierige Weg zum Frieden

Seit dem Abkommen von Ouagadougou vom März dieses Jahres bekleidet der Chef der Rebellen, Guillaume Soro, auf Wunsch des Präsidenten Laurent Gbagbo, das Amt des Premierministers. Die Umsetzung des in dem Abkommen von Ouagadougou skizzierten Wegs aus Krise erweist sich als langwierig

Der Tuareg-Konflikt in Mali und Niger

Banditentum oder politische Rebellion

In Mali und Niger flammen derzeit die Tuareg-rebellionen wieder auf, die Anfang der 1990er Jahre beide Länder an den Rand eines Bürgerkrieges führten. Die Sicherheitslage ist im Norden beider Länder extrem angespannt.

Abgeschlossene Reihen

Cambodia 2040

What does it mean to be a Cambodian? This question holds considerable significance for the kingdom of a 16 million strong population. Is it the identity, culture, and legacy rooted in the history and splendor of Angkor? Or is it instead tethered to be the brutality of the Khmer Rouge regime? Over the past 20 years, Cambodia has been on the path from the failed state of the 1970s genocide to a growing low-middle-income country in the world.

Cambodia 2040 is a book series in cooperation with Future Forum that gathers the critical foresight of respected experts on all issues Cambodian on what the kingdom will look like in 2040. The series consists of three separate volumes, containing economic development, culture and society, as well as international relations and governance respectively.

Volume I – Cambodia 2040: Economic Development[M1] 

The first volume of the Cambodia 2040 publication series covers relevant topics of the future economic development of Cambodia in the year 2040 with a wide-ranging analysis, such as fiscal policy, industrialization, regional economic integration, economic diplomacy, social protection and so on. Authors from various economic backgrounds, including H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, Mr. Chean Sithykun, Mr. Daravuth Sithy Rath, Mr. Vrak Thanit, Dr. Heng Pheakdey, Ms. Maureen Boyle, Mr. Oung Ty Keithya, Ms. You Sotheary and Ms. Kruy Narin, have contributed their insights to the projection of Cambodia's future economy. The recommendations made in this volume aim to show ways to achieve the countries’ economic goals in the next two decades.

 

The launch-event [M2] 

On January 22, 2020, Future Forum and KAS Cambodia launched the first volume of the Cambodia 2040 series at Raffle Hotel Le Royal in Phnom Penh. The program of the launch consisted of the official book launch, the panel discussion and a networking reception. A panel discussion was conducted fruitfully with the participations of Frank Steffel, member of the German Bundestag, Mr. Chean Sithykun, a former senior economist at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Mr. Ou Virak, president of Future Forum and H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, advisor to the Royal Government of Cambodia, as panelists.

 

Key takeaways from the authors

‘The main objectives of Cambodian fiscal policy in 2040 will be to keep the rate of inflation at between 2% and 3%, and to stabilize the kingdom’s macroeconomic environment.’ (Chean Sithykun, 2019).

‘By 2040 Cambodia will have built upon the initial basis it established to embed itself further up the value chain, through the pursuit of policies and reforms for promoting foreign investment and cross-border trade.’ (Sok Kha, 2019).

‘Overall [in 2040], new actors with enhanced responsibilities and partnerships with expanded scope and areas of cooperation will materialize, providing more options and platforms for Cambodia to reinforce and expand the momentum of its policy actions geared towards fostering greater international engagement with other major actors in both Asia and other rising mega-regions.’ (Daravuth Sithy Rath & Vrak Thanit, 2019). 

 

Volume II – Cambodia 2040: Culture and Society

The second volume of this series sets out to paint a picture of the future of Cambodian culture and society in the year 2040 with authors such as Ms. Din Darathtey, Mr. Harry Catherine, Ms. Nhek Pichponreingsey, Mr. Khoun Theara, Mr. Sun Chhai, Ms. Hoy Sokkea, Mr. Soeung Sophat, Mr. You Sokunpanha and Mr. Chhorn Theara. The topics of gender equality, education, health, food, media, tourism, and many others are covered in this outing with the projection of possible future scenarios and constructive recommendations that will guide Cambodia to meet its goals in the next two decades.

 

The digital launch-event

In early July 2020, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, the original plan of launching volume 2 of Cambodia 2040 was shifted to a digital format that took place over the entire week from July 9 to July 16 on social media, including a networking reception with authors and editors and book pick-ups at KAS office. 425 hard copies of the second volume were distributed in just five hours after announcing the launch.

 

Key takeaways from the authors

‘The future Cambodian young people will define themselves to be an actualization of an ideal self, transformed from the old traditional Khmer identity by integrating traditional and modern elements of being Cambodian, and detached from the victimized stain of their Khmer Rouge past.’ (Din Darathtey, 2019).

‘Due to the positive effects of the newly revamped health education curriculum, the future population of Cambodia will be more inclusive and less ignorant about gender, sexuality, and sexual reproductive rights.’ (Harry Catherine and Nhek Pichponreingsey, 2019).

‘A crucial feature of the 2040 vision for education is the structure around STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and mathematic).’ (Rath Setha, 2019)

 

Volume III – Cambodia 2040: International Relations and Governance

The final volume of Cambodia 2040 gathers the contributions of many authors from relevant fields of international relations and governance, including Mr. Ou Virak, H.E. Ambassador Pou Sothirak, Ms. Pich Charadine, Mr. Chan Sam Art, Mr. Brevin Anderson, Mr. Him Reaksmey, Mr. Rasheed Griffith, Mr. Lor Samnang, Mr. Thomas Pearson, Mr. Chanty Pisal, Mr. Yann Aoudourm and Mr. Min Seiha. The recommendations for 2040 that are stated in this volume are set against the circumstances of Cambodia in the 2020s, covering the topics of global megatrends, geopolitics, Mekong subregion cooperation, soft power, foreign aid, rule of law, public administration and civil service. In 2022, for the third time, Cambodia is going to be the chair of ASEAN, a position that holds many critical challenges, including shaping the immediate post-COVID-19 future, political tensions in the South China Sea, geopolitical dilemma, political conflict in Myanmar and so on. However, this chairmanship will also bring the Kingdom the opportunities to strengthen its weight in the region politically and economically.

 

The digital launch-event

With the unexpectedly serious community outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2021, the launch event of the third volume was also conducted in a digital format. On March 4, 2021, at the Factory Phnom Penh, all books of the series were launched at a panel discussion that was streamed live on Zoom and social media with a total number of around 200 watching. The panel was attended by H.E. Dr. Chem Widhya, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, H.E. Ambassador Christian Berger, German Ambassador to Cambodia, H.E Ambassador Pou Sothirak, CICP Executive Director, and Ms. Heng Omouy, founder and CEO of CamSolution. The panel was moderated by Ms. Isabel Weininger, KAS Representative to Cambodia. The audience fielded questions via Zoom and Facebook, leading to a lively Q&A.

Key takeaways from the authors:

As a relatively small state in terms of geographic size, populations, and economy – Cambodia has confronted and will continue to confront a very different foreign policy landscape than that of not just the great powers, but also its own ASEAN partners.’ (Pou Sothirak, 2019).

Over the next 20 years, Cambodia will become a green state by engaging in sustainable policies that set the gold standard for environmental management.’ (Chan Sam Art, 2019).

‘In 2040, the public sector requirements of the Cambodian citizenry continue to be shaped by enhanced economic performance, globalization, and domestic advancements in digital information and technology systems.’ (Yann Aoudourm, 2019).