Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Reactions from Belarus to the third EU sanctions package against the Lukashenka regime

On December 17, the EU published the list of the third package of sanctions against the regime in Belarus.

shamsnn / flickr / CC BY 2.0

10 years of the "Arab Spring" - 10 years of war in Syria

From Public Protests to A Global Proxy War - A Review

War has been raging in parts of Syria for almost ten years. What started in 2011 with popular demands for reforms quickly turned into a civil war and further developed - via a regional conflict - into the global proxy war we can witness today. To secure its own hold on power, the regime and its allies have killed approximately half a million Syrians so far. Over 5.5 million people fled abroad and another 6.6 million have been internally displaced. Hunger, mass poverty, and fear of persecution by the brutal police and intelligence apparatus define the daily lives of the Syrian people. The fulfillment of the demands for a democratic Syrian state seems a distant prospect, and the former civil war has now become an international crisis. This publication is only available in German.

Amine GHRABI / flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0

Tunisia and the Arab Spring

Country Report in German available only

Country Report in German available only

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN IN UNCHARTED WATERS: Perspectives on Emerging Geopolitical Realities

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN IN UNCHARTED WATERS: Perspectives on Emerging Geopolitical Realities

Joan Julbe / flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 / creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/

Historic day for Swiss Christian Democrats – Merger and Farewell to the “C”

The Assembly of Delegates of the CVP decides by a clear majority to rename the party “Die Mitte” (“The Centre”) and merge with the centrist party BDP

The Swiss Christian Democrats of the CVP vote for change. At their Assembly of Delegates on 28 November (conducted in a decentralised fashion), the party took two historic decisions. Firstly, the delegates confirmed by a clear majority the vote of the party members in the October ballot and voted in favour of changing the party’s name to “Die Mitte – Freiheit, Solidarität und Verantwortung” (“The Centre – Freedom, Solidarity and Responsibility”). This cleared the way for the merger of the CVP with the smaller moderate party BDP. The merger will thus come into force on the 1st of January 2021.

KAS USA

Corona-Update, USA (November)

Studies, Analysis and Commentary

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. regelmäßig eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

European Union

Light and Shadows – An Analysis of the EU’s Preconditions for Albania

Entering EU accession talks with Albania is subject to fulfilling the six preconditions – even if progress has been made, central points have not yet been fully met.

After the German Bundestag had established conditions for entering accession negotiations with Albania already in September 2019, the Council of the European Union (EU) followed suit in March 2020. The Ministers for Europe of the 27 EU states adopted and supplemented demands from the Bundestag so that the West Balkan state must now fulfil 15 conditions before the individual negotiations chapters or clusters can be opened. Six of which still need to be fulfilled prior to beginning the 1st intergovernmental conference. Even though great hopes were placed on these six conditions being fulfilled before the end of 2020 and, thus, on the conference taking place as part of the German EU Council Presidency, the chances of this are currently dwindling. A more detailed analysis on the status of fulfilling the six preconditions shows that Albania has made some good progress over the last half year, though some central points have not yet been fully met.

dpa

Bosnia and Herzegovina – elections with surprising results

A stable turnout

The year 2020 was supposed to be a positive year for Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Pre-election promises made to the electorate included progress regarding the path to EU integration and NATO membership. Reforms were supposed to finally happen after the whole 2019 had been spent on the formation of the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There were also positive changes: the GDP of Bosnia and Herzegovina had a steady and slightly increasing trend since 2017 and the employment rate was growing, too. However, the situation has changed. The COVID-19 pandemic has had an enormous impact on the politics and economy. The local elections that were held in Bosnia and Herzegovina on November 15, 2020 were therefore a particular challenge for the country. As a result of a highly decentralised political system of Bosnia and Herzegovina, local politics has strong and powerful impact. At the same time, the elections give a hint at the upcoming general elections at the national level and the two entities in 2022.

Estonian Foreign Ministry / flickr / CC BY 2.0 / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Unstable Political Situation in Kosovo

The Kosovo Special Tribunal Confirms the Most Important Charges

On 5 November, Hashim Thaçi, President of the Republic of Kosovo and former political leader of the UÇK (Kosovo Liberation Army), resigned from office as State President following confirmation of his indictment by the Kosovo Special Tribunal in the Hague. During a press conference, Thaçi explained that he would step down as President to safeguard the integrity of Kosovo and would present himself to the Hague. A few hours earlier, Kadri Veseli, Leader of the PDK (Democratic Party of Kosovo, third strongest party in the 2019 elections), former President of the Parliament and Chief of the Kosovo Secret Service during the war, declared that the indictment against him had also been confirmed in the Hague, and that he would voluntarily present himself to the Special Tribunal.

U.S. Department of Energy

Corona-Update, USA (October)

Studies, Analysis and Commentary

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. regelmäßig eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.