Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

gemeinfrei

PISA banned from schools

Education system in Bosnia and Herzegovina

OECD has been implementing the PISA programme of international student assessment every three years since 2000. The number of participating countries has been continuously growing. This also applies to the acceptance of study findings and necessary changes in the education systems. With 79 participating countries and regions, PISA achieved the greatest international dissemination in 2018. Bosnia and Herzegovina participated in the PISA study for the first time three years ago. Around 7,000 students from 138 schools in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), 70 schools from Republika Srpska (RS) and five schools from Brčko District took part in the international student assessment.

Training seminar

Criminal Liability of Legal Entities

The criminal liability of commercial legal persons is new [to many countries not only Vietnam, as before, it was considered as administrative sanctions only] but a compulsory regulation in legal system, particularly in the time of rapid, complicated and integrated economic development for both Vietnam and other countries in the world. Vietnam, a rapid developing country, a destination for many foreign investors, a social oriented market economy…thus enhancing legal system to timely prevent and counter violated acts committed by commercial legal person is a Must. Given that, today, 30 September 2020, KAS Vietnam in collaboration with The Criminal and Administrative Legislation Department, Ministry of Justice co-organised a training seminar on “Raising awareness of law enforcement officers on criminal liability of legal entities in criminal law”. Speaking at opening remarks, Mr. Peter Girke, KAS Country Representative highly appreciated Vietnam’s political will in enhancement of the national legal framework and also applauded Vietnam as one of pioneers in criminalization liability of legal entities. Peter Girke also shared that in Germany, a criminal verdict is tied to the ethical question of whether an individual’s conduct presents an autonomous decision to violate rules and duties. There is a basic assumption that only individuals can take such autonomous decisions. Therefore, only individuals can be held liable for their behavior. However, that does not mean that legal entities would get away with it entirely in Germany. Where the German Criminal Code would hinder prosecution of legal persons, still the individuals acting on behalf of that legal person would be held liable instead – which, however, may be difficult for example if several individuals worked in a collective at a company. More than 100 participants coming from different law enforcement agencies from central to provincial levels, including prosecutors, judges and polices shall have full day for sharing their practical experiences, difficulties and challenges in their work. This activity is under the umbrella of the big program State Rules of Law which was agreed by the two governments Vietnam and Germany. Mr. Do Duc Hien, Director General, The Department of Administrative and Criminal Legislation showed his gratitude to KAS continuous support to MOJ over the years and hope that this seminar training will help providing knowledge and information that benefit for all practitioners.

International Relations in the Asia-Pacific Region: The Role of the EU and the Us

Experts discuss security policies of the EU and the US in the Asia-Pacific region

KAS Vietnam and the University of Social Sciences and Humanities today (Sep. 29th) successfully organized the workshop entitled “International Relations in the Asia-Pacific Region: the role of the EU and the US”. Speakers at the workshop were Deputy Head and First Counsellor of the EU Delegation - Mrs. Axelle Nicaise, German Ambassador to Vietnam - Dr. Guido Hildner, the USA Embassy’s Political Counselor - Mr. Noah Zaring, Head of Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ European Department - Mr. Dinh Toan Thang and Director of the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam’s Strategic Institute - Dr. Le Dinh Tinh.

Clear majority against “Schweixit”

SVP’s “limitation initiative” clearly fails – future of the framework agreement between the EU and Switzerland still open

The EU, Germany and also the Swiss Federal Council can take a deep breath. As predicted in the polls, the Swiss electorate clearly re-jected the “limitation initiative”, which would have meant an end to the free move-ment of persons, with 61.7% of the votes to 38.3%. A serious crisis in relations between the EU and Switzerland could thus be avert-ed. Swiss citizens have thereby clearly ex-pressed their support for a pragmatic part-nership with the EU. However, difficult talks still lie ahead in terms of future relations, which are to be given a new legal basis with a framework agreement.

Michigan National Guard / Flickr / CC BY-NC 2.0

Corona Update, USA (26) - Aktuelle Studien, Analysen und Kommentare

Für die Zeit vom 18. bis 24. September 2020

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. regelmäßig eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

ASEAN And The Rules Based Regional Order In The Making

Rules-based [international] order is defined as the notion that all are bound by a global set of rules, an international law above power. After the Second World War the United States sought to create a more rules-based international order and drove the creation of new institutions, chiefly the United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization. Order is necessary to reduce chaos. But whether the international order is just, fair, depends on the type of international order it is. Many “realists” argue that the rules-based order is a fiction and that international relations are still determined by power. Truth is somewhere in the middle. International relations are not defined exclusively by either power or rules, and the distinction between the two is not always clear cut The idea of a “Rules-Based Global Order”, and the need for it, has risen to prominence in recent years. Various ideas of a “rules-based global order” have been promoted by various countries and organizations. However, the concept of a “rules-based global order” is still ambiguous. At the regional level, a big concern today is that multiple “orders” start to emerge. However, it is necessary to explore a possible existence of consensus on a rules-based regional order. ASEAN countries are among top affected when set rules lose cohesion and abidance. ASEAN is severely tested, adrift and divided. It is imperative for ASEAN to finds constructive solutions to maintain its relevance and centrality in regional processes. A big question for ASEAN now is to explore the possible existence of consensus on RBO, what rules are to be followed, what visions actors have about the institutions that must be used to establish the rules, what their mechanisms would be, and how decisions are reached within them? Today’s topic is very on time and useful for ASEAN and Vietnam itself, especially in its years as chairmanship of ASEAN. Policy recommendation is expected as follow-up of this workshop. KAS and DAV hope this conference provided a good platform for exchanging ideas among scholars in ASEAN and ASEAN’s partners on the reshaping of a new regional rules-based order and ASEAN’s role in the process.

WTO / Studio Casagrande / flickr / CC BY-SA 2.0

Geneva Telegram – The WTO leadership race

Latest developments in the race for the post of the WTO Director-General

The „Geneva Telegram“ analyses current developments in the multilateral organizations in Ge- neva relative to current events. This time it is devoted to the search for the future Director-Gen- eral of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).

CDC / Public Domain

Corona Update, USA (25) - Aktuelle Studien, Analysen und Kommentare

Für die Zeit vom 11. bis 17. September 2020

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. wöchentlich eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

Vietnam – Partner for Prosperity through Free Trade and Innovation

A Case Study from the Partner-Atlas

A "socialist-oriented market economy"determines the economy of Vietnam. More than three decades of continuous economic growth and political stability have resulted in communist-ruled Vietnam establishing itself as an influential actor not only in Southeast Asia. Vietnam is, for example, linked to the EU through the EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement (EVFTA) that recently came into effect, and to Germany through a Strategic Partnership.

Michigan National Guard, Flickr (CC BY-NC 2.0)

Corona Update, USA (24) - Aktuelle Studien, Analysen und Kommentare

Für die Zeit vom 4. bis 10. September 2020

Die Corona-Krise hat über die erheblichen gesundheitlichen Risiken und Folgen hinaus weitreichende Auswirkungen auf die Wirtschaft, Sicherheit, Forschung, Innen- und Außenpolitik sowie das gesellschaftliche Leben in den Vereinigten Staaten. Namhafte US-amerikanische Think Tanks und Experten setzen sich intensiv mit den unterschiedlichen Aspekten und Herausforderungen dieser in ihrem Umfang und ihrer Schnelligkeit beispiellosen Krise auseinander. Für einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand der Diskussion stellt das KAS-Auslandsbüro USA mit Sitz in Washington D.C. wöchentlich eine Auswahl an Studien, Analysen und Kommentaren jeweils mit Links zu den Beiträgen zusammen.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.