Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Aspects of the Cybersecurity Ecosystem in the United States

Trends Before and During the Corona Pandemic

The field of cybersecurity with all its complexities has been steadily gaining in importance over the last decade – and now, due to the Coronavirus-induced heightened dependency on digital infrastructure this process is further accelerated. This country report shows that cybersecurity has evolved into a key national security issue and gives an overview of certain aspects of the U.S. cybersecurity landscape, by tracing policy developments from before the Covid-19 pandemic as well as current legislative considerations.

Early Elections in Croatia with Uncertain Outcome

Following the Country’s (Initial) Triumph over the Corona Crisis, Croatia Is Set to Have Parliamentary Elections on 5 July

Although the spread of COVID-19 has been stopped in its tracks, the risk of a second wave in autumn remains. The election of a new parliament in Croatia should have taken place only in September 2020. But parliament was dissolved in May 2020, and the date for new elections was scheduled for 5 July. The reason cited by the government is a desire to avoid the virus potentially jeopardising the holding of elections. The opposition, on the other hand, suspects the main reason behind this to be the government's favourable poll ratings during the fight against the pandemic. Croatia is therefore entering into a heated, yet short, electoral campaign. In the meantime, polls indicate that the election outcome is by no means clear-cut.

public domain

Fanning the Flames of Domestic Political Crises: Corona in Armenia

Was the timing merely coincidence or orchestrated political manoeuvring? On 1 June, the Armenian Prime Minister, Nikol Paschinyan, announced to the public that he himself and the closest members of his family, his wife and three daughters, had become infected with the corona virus. Anti-government members of Armenian society found it difficult to view this communication in isolation of the current domestic political situation. The announcement, only one week later, that the Prime Minister’s family and Paschinyan himself had now recovered, reinforced speculations that officially announcing the infection was nothing more than a diversionary tactic. Government measures officially adopted to contain the pandemic, such as the state of emergency extended for the third time last weekend, are predominantly interpreted in light of the prevailing political climate. The number of those in Armenian society who are critical of government seems to be increasing every day.

UNSC Simulation Game: A co-organised activity between KAS Vietnam, DAV and CRISP Berlin

Currently, both Vietnam and German are non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Councils. That is why the Diplomatic Academy and KAS chose the setting of the UNSC as this year’s topic for the simulation game The simulation was designed to help students to understand how UNSC works and how members interact with each other. 32 key players represented 15 countries (2 players per team) who are permanent and non-permanent members of UNSC plus two rapporteurs. Over several days, including preparation with training, in the simulation game they discussed and drafted a resolution for the operation of the UN mission MINUSMA in Mali. This activity was designed to introduce a simulation as educational tools for students to enhance their analytical and practical skills. It was aimed to put students in a choreographed scenario with concrete roles to play and specific purposes to complete. The students were expected to study and analyze the scenario by given materials and additional readings. Later on, they were pushed to play assigned roles and behave accordingly. The game provided a safe space, in which the participants could experience the dynamics of conflictual situations and experiment with different types of behavior. As the participants were stepping into roles which might be very different from their own, they also could develop their empathy and understanding of other positions and perspectives Overall, the project was seen as a pilot step to introduce simulation as a means to develop students' skills, expertise and relational abilities into the DAV curriculum. Another outcome of the activity was to provide a tool for students to test whether concepts, models and theories learned by textbooks and during classes would have concrete utility and help explain the realities. The simulation was designed to help students to understand how the UNSC works and how members interact with each other. This is the second time KAS Vietnam supported DAV to organize a simulation game with the participation of students. In 2019, the ASEAN Simulation Game, also with support and material from CRISP Berlin, received great appreciation of both students and DAV lecturers. This co-initiated and co-organised activity by the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam, KAS Vietnam and CRISP represented a joint effort to innovate teaching methods in Vietnam.

U.S. Mission / Eric Bridiers / flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

Weekly overview of developments in multilateral Geneva on COVID-19

(28 May - 11 June),

The „Geneva Telegram“ analyses current developments in the multilateral organiza-tions in Geneva relative to current events. During these weeks, it focuses on devel-opments in the Geneva-based organizations related to COVID-19. The pandemic does not only have a health dimension but also substantial consequences for the future of the global economy, world trade, work, flight and migration, the humanitarian sector and human rights. It also affects the multilateral system as a whole.

Advancement Strategies for Women Leadership in Myanmar Politics (in Burmese)

In this report, Dr. Kerstin Duell addresses means to further mainstream gender issues in Myanmar, notably through Gender-Responsive Budgeting (GRB). She explains case examples of the implementation of GRB in various Asian countries, and how it may be applied to Myanmar.

Advancement Strategies for Women's Leadership in Myanmar Politics

In this report, Dr. Kerstin Duell addresses means to further mainstream gender issues in Myanmar, notably through Gender-Responsive Budgeting (GRB). She explains case examples of the implementation of GRB in various Asian countries, and how it may be applied to Myanmar.

Bosnia and Herzegovina - Description of the current situation

Country Report of the Country Office in Bosnia and Herzegovina

How is Bosnia and Herzegovina dealing with the corona crisis? There was no joint fight against Covid-19. Even now, decisions are made separately - a body for the entire country has not been formed. A coordination of measures was not noticeable. Fortunately, the number of cases remained low. In Bosnia and Herzegovina, 152 people died of Covid-19, almost 2,000 people have recovered, and the number of confirmed cases is under 3,000. The number of newly infected people is very low.

© Håkan Dahlström / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

COVID-19 crisis exposes U.S. vulnerabilities in its supply chain

Is globalization still the model for the United States?

In this election year in the United States one is reminded of President Trump’s iconic slogan of his 2016 election campaign, “Make America Great Again.” He promised he would bring well-paid manufacturing jobs back to the U.S., increase U.S. exports and reduce the American trade deficit. COVID-19 has confronted his efforts with the highest unemployment levels in America since the Great Depression in the 1930’s. This serious dilemma has renewed a sense of urgency to create more manufacturing jobs in America and to become less reliant on outside sources for critical goods.

Reuters

De-escalation zones in Syria

Background and status quo of a paradox. In fact, the protection for the Syrian population that had been promised when the zones had been created was not provided at any time.

In May 2017, as part of the Astana peace talks, Russia, Iran and Turkey agreed on the establishment of four so-called de-escalation zones in Syria. These zones were designed to be areas in which all hostilities should cease and in which civilians should be protected from attacks. The deal had been preceded by a massive deployment of chemical weapons by the Syrian regime, followed by increasing international pressure on Syria and its ally Russia.

About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.