Facts & Findings

aus der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

The German G7 Presidency (I)

The G7 as an Opportunity - Returning to value-based Global Governance

With the re-establishment of the G7, the democracies of the West will once again have their own forum as a community of shared values. However, the G7 nations face several fundamental challenges: Both a strategic debate about transatlantic relations and specification of a shared constructive position vis-à-vis Russia are required. During its G7 presidency Germany should thus clearly foreground the opportunities offered by a strengthened Western partnership of values. The German government should also promote the elaboration of a long-term vision and strategy for the MENA region.

Global Megatrends (III): Raw Materials – Explore Alternatives and Create New Paradigms

Global energy consumption and the demand for industrial raw materials are continuing to increase with the sustained rise of new economic powers. Although German politics and the German economy are already well placed in many respects regarding energy and raw material supplies, there are three areas that are manifestly due greater attention in a purposeful foreign policy. These include urban mining and the substitution of raw materials, particularly in order to reduce dependence on rare earths; establishing a dialogue on energy issues with developing and newly industrialised countries.

Requirements for the Post-2015 Agenda: Greater Political Participation, Equality and Sustainability

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are due to expire in 2015. They have formed the international agenda for improving people’s living conditions for fifteen years. Several of the targets linked to theeight goals, such as halving extreme poverty and halving the proportion of people who do not have access to safe drinking water, have already been achieved. There has been little progress in other areas, such as the fight against hunger and secure jobs. While the old goals have been helpful, they are too technical.

European Energy Supply Security in Light of the Ukraine Crisis

Overview

The Ukraine crisis is intensifying the long-standing debate about the security of Europe’s energy supplies. On a geopolitical level, the EU’s energy interests to the east, south, and southeast are gaining salience. The idea of a transatlantic gas supply corridor has recently been proposed - it remains on the drawing board because of costly infrastructure requirements and stiff competition for energy from Asia. Within the EU, the Ukraine crisis is providing further impetus for the shift of political priorities away from climate concerns and towards policies focused on security and competition.

Ten Myths Used to Justify Russian Policy in the Ukraine Crisis

The political upheaval in Ukraine has placed territorial and social cohesion, as well as the country’s financial and economic viability, at stake. The events in Crimea have recently made clear that this critical destabilising effect primarily emanates from pro-Russian forces or actions by Russia itself. The arguments used by the Kremlin to justify their actions have proven to be incorrect on closer examination. A number of Russian arguments have been met with understanding. The following description therefore serves to debunk the Russian government’s main arguments as myths.

More Subsidiarity in Europe – but in the Right Place!

The principle of subsidiarity is a key building block in the architecture of the European Union because it regulates the distribution of responsibilities between the EU and its Member States, thus contributing to the democratic process. However, the crisis in the eurozone and the related measures taken at national and European levels to improve the financial and economic situation have called subsidiarity as regulated in the EU since the Treaty of Lisbon (2009) into question.

Global Megatrends (I): Global Power Shifts

The economic and political rise of new powers is putting pressure on the established architecture of international institutions. As a result, informal, issue-driven forums and regional organisations are taking on an increasingly significant role. They are particularly important in their function as instruments of cooperative conflict resolution in which they contribute to safeguarding global and regional stability. It is therefore in Germany’s interest to make the most of the opportunities available.

Global Megatrends (II): Demographic Change

The ageing population and associated lack of skilled workers presenta serious challenge to Europe’s competitiveness and to the sustainabilityof European welfare systems. Demographic change meansthat migration is no longer simply a security issue or a humanitarianchallenge but has also become a significant economic factor. Targetedmigration management also makes it possible to create closer andmore extensive networks involving global growth centres. For thisto happen, the European Union needs to create a common migrationregime.

Security and Development in the Sahel

Recommendations for German and European Foreign and Development Policies

In the course of the past year, the Sahel has developed into a regional crisis trouble spot, which will continue to affect Europe even oncethe current conflict in Mali has been resolved. Ethnic conflicts are weakening the region, thereby providing fertile ground for extremist groups and their terrorist activities. This paper proposes recommendations for action for German foreign policy, based mainly on the developments in Mali.

NATO-Brazil Relations

Limits of a Partnership Policy

This paper assesses the potential of a partnership between NATO and Brazil, based on interviews with over twenty high-level experts on Brazilian foreign policy. Because building international partnerships has become a vital task of NATO and since Brazil is seeking to increase its influence in global politics, senior NATO officials have called for the Alliance to reach out to Brazil. The paper argues that NATO would be unlikely to succeed in establishing a genuine partnership with Brazil because Brasília’s foreign policy-makers envision a world order different from that for which NATO stands.

About this series

This serial informs and merges major issues of current topics the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is dealing with.

The editions present:

  • Results and recommendations
  • Offer short analysis
  • Illustrate future plans and
  • List contacts within the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.