A House Divided. Can Afghan elites resolve their differences in the pursuit of peace?

Survey Study on the Afghan Political Elite

This report examines the range of views held by key members of the Afghan political elite about future prospects for peace, how these views compare to those held by civil society and women rights activists, and how they might be consolidated into a coherent platform in order to enable a common voice in negotiations with the Taliban. The report draws on 20 qualitative, semi-structured, in-depth interviews with representative from across the political spectrum and civil society in Afghanistan (six of whom were women) carried out in Kabul between mid-December 2019 and mid-February 2020.

Presidential Elections and Stalled Peace Talks in Afghanistan

Am 28. September waren die Afghanen zum vierten Mal seit 2001 zu Präsidentschaftswahlen aufgerufen. 9,3 Millionen Bürger, darunter über 30 Prozent Frauen, hatten sich zur Wahl registriert. Die befürchtete Anschlagswelle im Land blieb aus. Gleichzeitig deuten erste Hochrechnungen an, dass die Wahlbeteiligung auf einem Rekordtief liegen könnte. Angesichts der Anfang September überraschend abgebrochenen Friedensgesprächen zwischen den USA und Taliban und einem anstehenden harten Wettbewerb zwischen den Präsidentschaftskandidaten stehen Afghanistan ungewisse Zeiten bevor. Welche Chancen bestehen für die Wiederbelebung des Friedensprozesses? Und wie kann eine neugewählte Regierung auch nach einem US-Truppenrückzug die Sicherheit im Land garantieren?

The Afghan-Pakistani Relations

Trapped in their Security Dilemma

Die Konflikte in Afghanistan und Pakistan überlagern sich seit Jahrzehnten und haben eine friedliche Lösung in Afghanistan erschwert. Die Eskalation in Kaschmir kam zu einem denkbar ungünstigen Zeitpunkt; die Friedensgespräche zwischen Taliban und den USA befinden sich in einer möglichen Endphase und stellen die verfassungsmäßige Ordnung, das internationale Engagement in Afghanistan sowie die regionale Sicherheitsarchitektur neu zu Verhandlung.

KAS Kabul

Migration und Human Trafficking in Afghanistan

Danish Karokhel (2019): "Human Trafficking"

Danish Karokhel, editor-in-chief of Pajhwok, has compiled in his work "Human Trafficking" his many years of experience as an investigative journalist on the subject.


Professional Journalism in Conflict Countries

Danish Karokhel (2019): "Professional Journalism"

Danish Karokhel, editor-in-chief of Pajhwok, has compiled in his book"Professional Journalism" his many years of experience as an investigative journalist.

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung mourns the loss of Helmut Kohl

On the death of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and former President of the European Parliament, Hans-Gert Pöttering, writes:

Unity Government in Kabul

Afghan handover undemocratic but peaceful

The Afghan constitution barred serving President Hamid Karzai from standing again in 2014. Thus, many Afghans hoped that the third presidential election since the fall of the Taliban in 2001 would bring the first democratic handover in the country’s history. But when a victor was finally announced almost six months after the first round of voting, there was little mention of democracy in Kabul.

Democratic Handover in Afghanistan?

2014 Presidential elections are crucial

Successful presidential elections on 5 April 2014 would produce the first democratic handover in Afghanistan’s history. The vote also represents a milestone in the current transition phase. The organisation and conduct of the election process and the extent of proven manipulation will reveal a great deal about the progress of Afghan democratisation. Ensuring that the election can be held across the entire country will also represent the ultimate test for the Afghan security forces – shortly before the withdrawal of NATO combat forces.

An unsatisfactory status quo


In view of recurring election shortcomings, Afghanistan faces the choice of either fixing evident flaws or risking the collapse of its political system.

Parliamentary Elections in Afghanistan

Democracy without Parties?

For Afghanistan the election year 2010 is the bloodiest year since the Taliban regimewas expelled from power. In spite of the eroding security situation Afghanistanwill elect a new parliament on September 18, 2010. For this reason, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and the NCPR have carried out a survey which reflects the opinion trends of theAfghan society. The first section of this report introduces thesurvey results. In the second section, the overall conditions are described in detail.The third section discusses future prospects and gives policy recommendations.