detail - Afghanistan Office
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Peace processes continue to become increasingly complex due to the protracted and fluid nature of armed conflict, the shifting composition of actors, and the longer-term political consequences at stake.
A signed peace agreement is rarely the conclusion of a peace process but an important stepping stone in a process that culminates in the establishment of a new relationship between the warring parties. At a minimum, a peace agreement should stop the violence; ideally, it should address the roots of conflict and create or revive mechanisms for non-violent resolution of conflicts.
A peace process may involve many steps to stop the immediate fighting, build trust between the parties, address specific issues in dispute, or present a framework for future political arrangements. Often, third parties, including governments, regional organizations, international governmental organizations, peacekeeping and security forces, and non-governmental organizations, guide these processes as facilitators or mediators.
In order to manage peace processes a range of topics have to be considered. This Workshop has focused on structuring peace talks, agenda setting, drafting peace agreements and the social dimensions of the implementation of peace agreements.