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Ausgabe 3/2008 der Auslandsinformationen der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung

On the Situation of Bulgaria’s Media and Their Contribution to the Civil Society

Mit Blick auf deren zivilgesellschaftlichen Beitrag

Somewhat less than two decades after the downfall of communism, things are not looking too well for Bulgaria’s media landscape. In the Worldwide Press Freedom Index, the country was relegated from rank 35 to rank 51 between 2006 and 2007. This is a compelling reason for alarm, as the freedom of the press always reflects the quality of democracy, and as the media especially should act as a corrective to the authority of the state, uncovering irregularities and pillorying abuses of power.

Searching for a Winner – Kenya after the Polls

The elections held in Kenya at the end of 2007 were closely followed worldwide. The country attracted even greater attention when riots broke out afterwards which claimed more than a thousand lives and made many hundreds of thousands homeless. By now, things have calmed down in the African country, and it is hoped that the peace agreement that was concluded – not without international mediation – between the two opponents, Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga, on February 28, 2008, will have the desired effect.

The Khmer Rouge Tribunal - Cambodia in the Shadow of History

Kambodscha im Schatten der Geschichte

It was not until thirty years after the end of its rule that the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) prepared to come to terms with the state terrorism of the Khmer Rouge in 2006. Under the leadership of Pol Pot, from April 1975 to January 1979, about 1.7 million people were executed or died from hunger, exhaustion, or disease. Under the stoneage communism of the Khmer Rouge, religion, education, leisure, money, private property, and the family were abolished.

Between Abundance and Bottlenecks: Brazil’s Energy Sector is on the Move

Brazil’s energy sector seems to be in the ascendant. People talk about the end of dependence on crude-oil imports, about Brazilian-American cooperation in the field of biofuels, about a strategic partnership agreement with the EU, and even about coming to terms with Bolivia which only two years ago nationalised its natural-gas reserves and took away Brazil’s gas fields on Bolivian soil.

Dispersed Economic Power?

Overseas Chinese between Discrimination and Success in Business

The western world views China's rise to world power status with anxiety and euphoria in equal measure: Cheap wages, armies of refugees from the country who are eager to work, low social standards, and an authoritarian government are among the reasons quoted.

Dmitri Medvedev – President on Standby or Worthy Successor to Putin?

Proposed by the chairmen of all Kremlin-friendly political parties, Dmitri Medvedev will probably be the winner of the Russian presidential elections which are scheduled for March 2, 2008.

Editorial

Das Schlagwort der Globalisierung erfasst vielfältige Prozesse. Ein Phänomen ist die Entgrenzung der staatlichen Ordnungsaufgaben sowie der Institutionen und Regeln des sozialen Zusammenlebens. In diesem Zusammenhang stellt sich die Frage, wie das Gemeinwohl, verstanden als das "gemeinsame Gut" einer Gesellschaft, bestimmt und international verwirklicht werden kann.

Russia – A Reliable Energy Partner for Europe?

Energy security is increasingly becoming a central factor in foreign policy. Because energy consumption is growing and extraction is declining, the world faces an energy shortage which will make Europe more dependent on supplies from abroad. In this context, Russia still plays a specialrole as one of Europe’s energy suppliers.

Transformation in Pakistan?

Events in the Year Preceding the Elections, Election Preparations, Election Results, Outlook

The judicial crisis that began in March 2007 marked the beginning of the political downfall of General Pervez Musharraf. Before he was deposed by Mr Musharraf, chief justice Iftikhar Mohammad Chaudhry had made himself the advocate of the politically powerless.

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About this series

International Reports (IR) is the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung's periodical on international politics. It offers political analyses by our experts in Berlin and from more than 100 offices across all regions of the world. Contributions by named authors do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial team.

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Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication

benjamin.gaul@kas.de +49 30 26996 3584

Dr. Sören Soika

Dr

Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai)

soeren.soika@kas.de +49 30 26996 3388

Kim Karcher

Portrait von Kim Karcher

Referentin Kommunikation und Vermarktung

kim.karcher@kas.de +49 30 / 2 69 96 - 2387