Articles

Vincent Kessler, Reuters

A Judgement Is Important – Enforcement Even More So!

A Comparison of Regional Human Rights Courts

International human rights protection has gained in importance over the last sixty years. The primary indicator of this development is the submission of states to the judgements of international human rights courts. However, the mere existence of these courts does not guarantee success. People can assert their rights only when judgements are properly and completely carried out. The following article illuminates the various mechanisms for implementing and enforcing judgements of the three existing international human rights courts.

Carlo Allegri, Reuters

Corrupt Judges – Threat to the Constitutional State

Judges are at the heart of a functioning constitutional state under the rule of law, but unfortunately this does not mean that they are immune to corruption. Recent years have seen a number of high-profile cases, demonstrating that corrupt judges are a global problem. In the fight against judicial corruption, it is essential to seek solutions at the national level, but it is still valuable to gain a global perspective of this phenomenon.

Hasmik Mkhchyan, Triada Studio

Editorial

From football to road construction – corruption has many faces. But the general rule is that the more opaque and unregulated decision-making processes are, the greater the risk of abusing power for self-enrichment.

Mohammad Ismail, Reuters

New Great Games

Regional Interests in the Afghan Peace Process

The first official peace talks between the US and the Taliban, held in 2019, and the possible withdrawal of US troops announced by President Trump could end what has been almost 20 years of ­NATO presence in Afghanistan. For regional countries – Pakistan, India, Iran, Russia, and China – the developments offer an incentive to restructure the regional peace and security order.

Carlo Allegri, Reuters

Nigeria’s Hopeless Fight Against Corruption

Nigeria could be one of the richest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Thanks to its oil and gas industry, billions of dollars flood into the state’s coffers every year. Yet, the country faces immense challenges. Extreme poverty, a weakening economy, a dilapidated infrastructure, terrorism, and organised crime are all part of the everyday life of the population. Corruption, which has been depriving the country of the resources it needs to develop, is largely to blame for the current state of affairs.

Lucy Nicholson, Reuters

The Right of Access to Information

An Important Step in the Fight Against Corruption in Morocco?

Morocco is no stranger to the global problem of corruption and the associated lack of public trust in the country’s administration. Public pressure, especially during the Arab Spring, resulted in a constitutional amendment in 2011 and people being given the right of access to information. Citizens now have the right to request non-public information held by the administration, while at the same time public bodies are required to proactively provide citizens with more information. Morocco’s Access to Information Act has been in force since March 2019, however, its adoption has been postponed until 2020.

Kacper Pempel, Reuters

Ukraine: Transparent but Corrupt?

Ukraine is the most transparent corrupt country in Europe. Corruption, oligarchy, and some mafia-like structures continue to be part of everyday life for people in Ukraine – in healthcare, education, business, customs, or the media landscape. Nevertheless, the reform efforts of the past few years have achieved increased transparency and social awareness of corruption. The German government and the European Union are providing substantial support to Ukraine; justice reform and combatting corruption are priorities.

Mike Hutchings, Reuters

When the Lights Go Out

The Impact of Corruption on the Electricity Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa

More than half of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa has no access to electricity. This is partly due to endemic corruption, the cost of which hampers the expansion of energy infrastructure. In the fight against corruption, it is vital to strengthen good governance and build effective, accountable state institutions as set out in Goal 16 of Agenda 2030.

David Gray, Reuters

China: A Developing Country as a Global Power?

China insists on its status as “the world’s largest developing country” and the special treatment in international regimes that this status entails. In the Chinese narrative, this position is justified by a relatively low per capita income and tremendous social and regional differences in the country. Occasionally, as a result of international pressure, China seems willing to renounce its privileges as a developing country. It is increasingly difficult for China to maintain the balance between its identity as a developing country and its role as an important donor in development cooperation. Against this backdrop, Germany and Europe should try to ensure that China’s growing global engagement leads to its closer integration into the structures of international cooperation.

Carlos Barria, Reuters

CO2-Bepreisung: Internationale Impulse für die deutsche Debatte

Ungeachtet des schwierigen politischen Umfeldes für CO2-Bepreisung, vor allem in Schwellen- und Entwicklungsländern, ist das Instrument auf dem Vormarsch. Zahlreiche internationale Organisationen fördern diese Entwicklung, indem sie institutionelle und technische Hilfestellung leisten. Inwieweit das ausreicht, um mittelfristig überall auf der Welt wirkungsvolle CO2-Bepreisungsansätze herbeizuführen, bleibt jedoch offen.

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This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

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Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

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Dr. Sören Soika

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