Migration and Refugees

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Migration and Refugees - facts

Facts and Grafics

Grafics illustrate basic principles of international law and legislation, age pattern of migrants and Migration withinthe continents.

Migration in Central America

Magnitude, Causes and Proposed Solutions

For decades Central Americans have been drawn to the United States. Whereas civil wars and dictatorships caused migration in the past, today’s – also irregular – influx of people remains steady mainly for economic reasons and due to family reunions. This raises the question of responsibility of the countries of origin. Simultaneously, immigration has gained a more prominent spot on the domestic agenda of the U.S. The presidential elections 2016 are already on the horizon.

The Philippine Diaspora: Serfdom and the American Dream

The everyday reality of about twelve million Filipinos overseas vary tremendously. While many have succeeded in the U.S., migrant workers in the Gulf States face inhumane working conditions and exploitation. In that respect, the Philippine government is aiming for stricter laws. However, creating better and sustainable living conditions in the Philippines is far more important for people to have an alternative to migration.

Who bears responsibility?

Models and Perspectives of European Refugee Policy

Different policy areas deal with aspects of migration. In terms of shaping development and foreign policy positions, the migration situation in the regions of origin and transit regions has to be considered carefully. Although it is impossible to fully control the flows of refugees by providing a political framework in a farsighted and proactive manner, this will be the most appropriate way to assume political responsibility.

Changing Times in the Hindu Kush?

Afghanistan Facing the Transformation Decade

In 2014, Afghanistan experienced a year of destiny: After the completion of the transition phase, the end of the mission of the International Security Assistance Force and the presidential elections, it is time to take stock. Although since the end of Taliban rule improvements have been achieved in terms of basic health care, education and state-building, the new Afghan government has still a lot to accomplish.


In times of global unrest and crises the aspect of energy supply security becomes more critical. Power politics and territorial interests as well as new extraction technologies may cause controversies between political, economic and civil society actors. With regard to the adjacent security and regulatory challenges, a reliable and climate-friendly energy supply is required. In that respect, intergenerational equity and the integrity of creation serve as key motives.

Energy Law and Security of Supply in Europe

Europe’s security in terms of energy supply is currently put to test by the ongoing gas dispute between Ukraine and Russia. Under these circumstances, gas politics have become a catalyst for the institutionalization of the EU’s energy policy. Developing a legal framework for a future-oriented energy provision will not only determine energy security, it is also a strategic task.

Energy, Ressources and Law

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Interjection: Hunger and Politics

Many international institutions and national governments have been ambitious in fighting hunger and its causes. The recognition of hunger as a multi-causal problem is a significant advance. However, as long as local politicians do not actively commit themselves to this hardship, poverty and hunger reduction will remain a global dilemma.

About this series

This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

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Dr. Gerhard Wahlers



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