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"Small" States in International Politics

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"Small" States in International Politics

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"Small" States in International Politics

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Helmut Kohl once expressed one of the fundamental principles of his European policy as follows: “The small countries in the European Union deserve as much respect as the large ones. The significance of a Member State cannot be measured by the size of its population or the square kilometers it occupies.” While Kohl was concerned with Europe, of course the principle applies beyond its borders.

Microstate and Superpower

The Vatican in International Politics

The Holy See has taken part in central global political decisions and events since the second half of the 20th century. In doing so it falls back on foreign policy networks and non-classical power resources. Since the inauguration of Pope Francis, the international significance of the Holy See has grown.

Role or Rule?

The Evolution of Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan 2014-2015

The Pakistani military uses the legitimacy crisis of the government to expand its influence on the public and the country's economy. The failure to solve the current crisis and the inability of civilian law enforcement agencies to enforce law and order increasingly weaken the position of Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif.

Search for the Third Border

Mongolian Foreign Policy between Russia and China

Mongolian foreign policy after 1990 was dominated by the aim to develop into a responsible and democratic actor and to diversify political and economic relations. The existing dependence on Russia and China makes Mongolian foreign policy a balancing act. Despite disappointed expectations, Mongolian third neighbour policy is logical and without alternative.

The Developmental and Political Role of Africa’s Pentecostal Churches

Pentecostal movements have proliferated in sub-Saharan Africa. Their political and social values are seen by many as the driving force of modernity in Africa. Yet, these churches are not geared primarily to policy and development, nor are they non-governmental organisations or components of civil society.

The End of Neutrality and Non-Alignment?

Finland is Seeking Stronger Nordic and Regional Cooperation in its Foreign and Security Policy

Against the backdrop of rising security risks and a vulnerable economic situation, the new government of Finland announced strengthening the Nordic cooperation, participation in European security and defense policy and cooperation with the NATO. The country thus forgoes its principles of non-alignment in peacetime and neutrality in the event of military conflict.

Australia’s New Refugee Policy and the Implications for Cambodia and Southeast Asia

With regard to the current refugee crisis, the European Union has so far not been able to agree on a common approach. In the search for more effective approaches, some point to the Australian refugee policy. However, in order to assess whether the Australian approach can be a model for European migration policy, it is mandatory not only to look at Australia and short-term effects of this policy, but also to discuss the long-term effects on the entire region.

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About this series

International Reports (IR) is the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung's periodical on international politics. It offers political analyses by our experts in Berlin and from more than 100 offices across all regions of the world. Contributions by named authors do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the editorial team.

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Dr. Gerhard Wahlers



Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

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