Articles

Ukraine after the Parliamentary Elections

Rückblick und Ausblick

In spite of the massive manipulation and targeted use of administrative resources well in advance of the election day, the parliamentary elections produced a strong opposition. The former governing party, the Party of Regions (PR) led by President Viktor Yanukovych, did emerge as the strongest force, but was weakened. The objective of a two-thirds majority was clearly missed. The surprise winner was without doubt the right-wing national party Svoboda, which was able to enter the Verkhovna Rada for the first time, with 10.44 per cent.

Without Prospects?

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons in Eastern Africa

The year 2012 brought more refugee crises than almost all years in the recent past. During the first nine months of the year, more than 700,000 refugees crossed international borders. The crises of the previous year – including the drought in the Horn of Africa and fighting in Libya – and the millions of refugees who have been in exile for years mean a critical point has been reached.

Jahresregister 2012

Sämtliche Artikel der Auslandsinformationen 2012 - geordnet nach Autoren, Ländern und Themenschwerpunkten.

Colombia: Reform, Stagnation and New Hopes for Peace

A Mid-Term Asessment of the Unidad Nacional Government

In August 2010, Juan Manuel Santos took over as the new President of Colombia. In the two years since his inauguration he has pushed through a new domestic and foreign agenda. When a few weeks ago Santos declared that peace talks would begin with the FARC-Guerilla, this marked the political high point of the first two years of his government.

Economic and political relations between Europe and Latin America in advance of the 1st EU-CELAC summit in Chile

Since 1999, European Union, Latin American and Caribbean heads of state and government have met almost every two years for a joint summit to discuss the state of relations between the two regions. The seventh such summit is to be held on 26 and 27 January 2013 in Santiago de Chile, although this time it will bear a new name. Following the creation of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) in 2010, the summit has been announced as the 1st EU-CELAC summit.

Editorial

The Sahel Region has turned into an uncontrollable area, vulnerable not only to Islamists, but also to extortion as well as the drug trade and human trafficking. As diplomatic initiatives have not succeeded in resolving the conflict to date, the West African ECOWAS has now petitioned the UN Security Council for a mandate for an intervention in Mali. A positive decision is expected in the near future. Those who think that they can rely purely on political negotiations must answer the question as to who would be the negotiating partner in this scenario.

Kenya decides

Challenges of the new constitution and 2013 elections

After the elections in December 2007 protests against election tampering degenerated into violent unrest, arson attacks and looting. The conflict claimed hundreds of lives. A National Accord brought an end to the disturbances in February 2008. The agreement envisaged the drafting of a new constitution. Debates around the latter continue to shape events. It will only be fully implemented come the elections in March next year.

People’s Parties in Crisis

Christian Democrats in Belgium and the Netherlands

Since the Second World War, the Christian Democrats in Belgium and the Netherlands have had a significant influence on the politics of their respective countries and on the European unification process. In the last two decades they have also had to overcome some fundamental crises. In the most recent elections their popularity reached an all-time low. What has happened to them and the way they have attempted to deal with these crises could provide an indication of the challenges ahead for other Christian democratic parties.

Seven years of Evo Morales in Bolivia

Asessing a self-appointed beacon of hope for indigenous peoples

In December 2005, Evo Morales Ayma won the presidential elections in Bolivia with 54 per cent of the votes. The elections set the seal on the decline of the traditional party system, and propelled the governing party, MAS. After seven years of this government, the hopes of many have been replaced by a more sober attitude. In October, the country celebrated the 30th anniversary of the end of the military dictatorships and the return of democracy. At the same time, it is undergoing a series of social conflicts unmatched in number since 1982.

The Crisis in Mali

Origins, Developments and the Impact on the Sub-Region

The West African country of Mali is undergoing a deep crisis that threatens its territorial integrity, and therefore its sovereignty, and that has worrying implications for large swathes of the Sahel and West Africa as a whole. The sub-region faces many challenges in trying to resolve a conflict that raises many questions about the African state’s very survival and the clash between the principle of sovereignty and transnational non-institutional actors.

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This periodical responds to questions concerning international issues, foreign policy and development cooperation. It is aimed at access of information about the international work for public and experts.

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Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

Benjamin Gaul

Head of the Department International Reports and Communication

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Dr. Sören Soika

Dr

Editor-in-Chief International Reports (Ai)

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Louisa Heuss

Louisa Heuss (2020)

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