Articles

Carlo Allegri, Reuters

Nigeria’s Hopeless Fight Against Corruption

Nigeria could be one of the richest countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. Thanks to its oil and gas industry, billions of dollars flood into the state’s coffers every year. Yet, the country faces immense challenges. Extreme poverty, a weakening economy, a dilapidated infrastructure, terrorism, and organised crime are all part of the everyday life of the population. Corruption, which has been depriving the country of the resources it needs to develop, is largely to blame for the current state of affairs.

Lucy Nicholson, Reuters

The Right of Access to Information

An Important Step in the Fight Against Corruption in Morocco?

Morocco is no stranger to the global problem of corruption and the associated lack of public trust in the country’s administration. Public pressure, especially during the Arab Spring, resulted in a constitutional amendment in 2011 and people being given the right of access to information. Citizens now have the right to request non-public information held by the administration, while at the same time public bodies are required to proactively provide citizens with more information. Morocco’s Access to Information Act has been in force since March 2019, however, its adoption has been postponed until 2020.

Kacper Pempel, Reuters

Ukraine: Transparent but Corrupt?

Ukraine is the most transparent corrupt country in Europe. Corruption, oligarchy, and some mafia-like structures continue to be part of everyday life for people in Ukraine – in healthcare, education, business, customs, or the media landscape. Nevertheless, the reform efforts of the past few years have achieved increased transparency and social awareness of corruption. The German government and the European Union are providing substantial support to Ukraine; justice reform and combatting corruption are priorities.

Mike Hutchings, Reuters

When the Lights Go Out

The Impact of Corruption on the Electricity Supply in Sub-Saharan Africa

More than half of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa has no access to electricity. This is partly due to endemic corruption, the cost of which hampers the expansion of energy infrastructure. In the fight against corruption, it is vital to strengthen good governance and build effective, accountable state institutions as set out in Goal 16 of Agenda 2030.

David Gray, Reuters

China: A Developing Country as a Global Power?

China insists on its status as “the world’s largest developing country” and the special treatment in international regimes that this status entails. In the Chinese narrative, this position is justified by a relatively low per capita income and tremendous social and regional differences in the country. Occasionally, as a result of international pressure, China seems willing to renounce its privileges as a developing country. It is increasingly difficult for China to maintain the balance between its identity as a developing country and its role as an important donor in development cooperation. Against this backdrop, Germany and Europe should try to ensure that China’s growing global engagement leads to its closer integration into the structures of international cooperation.

Carlos Barria, Reuters

CO2-Bepreisung: Internationale Impulse für die deutsche Debatte

Ungeachtet des schwierigen politischen Umfeldes für CO2-Bepreisung, vor allem in Schwellen- und Entwicklungsländern, ist das Instrument auf dem Vormarsch. Zahlreiche internationale Organisationen fördern diese Entwicklung, indem sie institutionelle und technische Hilfestellung leisten. Inwieweit das ausreicht, um mittelfristig überall auf der Welt wirkungsvolle CO2-Bepreisungsansätze herbeizuführen, bleibt jedoch offen.

Jorge Silva, Reuters

Too Big to Fail

Toward a US-German Partnership on Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is often cast as a black-and-white villain rather than an actor in a complex story. Lost in the simplification are key questions about the relationship between Turkey and the West. To stabilize the Middle East, the West needs Turkey now more than ever. In the foreign policy realm, there are few areas in which President Donald Trump and Berlin are as closely aligned as in their assessment of the alliance with Turkey as “Too Big to Fail”. However, the United States and Germany have thus far moved in parallel rather than in combination in their diplomacy with Turkey, leaving an integrated strategy out of reach.

Bob Strong, Reuters.

2030 Agenda: The Courage to Achieve Sustainability

Germany needs a public discussion on a broad approach towards sustainability. This is not a call for a backward-looking “ecological agenda”, but instead for overdue reforms regarding economic modernisation, climate protection, and innovation so that more people can live in peace, liberty, and prosperity. The courage to achieve sustainability is necessary if we are to look boldly to the future. The 2030 Agenda shows us the way.

Howard Burditt, Reuters

An Old Friend Is Back

Russian Military Cooperation in Africa

Russia’s military cooperation in Africa has hit the headlines over recent months. Since 2009, the former Soviet power has shown renewed interest in Africa and has begun to restore its old ties on the continent. Moscow’s aim is to gain access to Africa’s energy and raw material markets in exchange for arms. A glance at its engagement on the continent quickly reveals that Russia is now a force to be reckoned with in the global competition for influence in Africa.

Adnan Abidi, Reuters

Between Arms Race and Alliance

How Pakistan and China Are Driving Indian Defence Policy

Although India’s national security has since its independence in 1947 been endangered by conflicts with its neighbours, Pakistan and China, above all others it is the latter that has become the benchmark of Indian defence measures. The Indian military must undergo extensive reforms if it is to remain prepared for future challenges. Internationally, ambitious India hopes to maintain its strategic autonomy and avoid dependence on world powers.

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Editor

Dr. Gerhard Wahlers

ISBN

0177-7521

Benjamin Gaul

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