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Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad


IMAGO / Panthermedia

Korea's parties in turmoil

Generation change or carry on as before?

The next regular parliamentary election in South Korea is just under four months away. The conservative People Power Party (PPP) of ruling President Yoon Suk-yeol is hoping to win back the majority from the opposition Minju Party after several years of drought. However, unrest reigns on both sides: resignations, departures and rumours of mergers and new formations. A large proportion of the electorate is still undecided as to who they should vote for on 10 April. The race remains undecided.

Europäischer Rat - Dezember 2023

Feuerwerk zum Jahresende: Der komplizierteste Ratsgipfel seit Covid

Beim letzten Ratsgipfel des Jahres 2023 sollte es nochmal um viel gehen. Bereits im Vorfeld wurde darüber spekuliert, dass dies der komplizierteste Gipfel seit der Pandemie werden und mitunter in die Verlängerung gehen könnte. Es ist nicht ganz so dramatisch gekommen, wie zunächst angenommen. Gleichwohl mussten die Staats- und Regierungschefs, unter denen sich nun auch erstmals wieder der frischgebackene Ministerpräsident Polens, Donald Tusk, und der luxemburgische Premier Luc Frieden befanden, einige Themen in den Januar schieben. So konnte der Ukraine zwar mit dem Beschluss zur Aufnahme von Beitrittsverhandlungen eine konkrete EU-Beitrittsperspektive eingeräumt werden, jedoch wurden weitere Finanzhilfen mitsamt dem mehrjährigen Finanzrahmen erstmal in den Januar vertagt. Ähnlich ging es auch beim Thema Nahost zu, wo die Fronten verhärtet scheinen und daher keine gemeinsame Position gefunden werden konnte. Das Thema wird ebenfalls im Januar wieder aufgegriffen werden. Fortschritte konnten hingegen bei den Themen Sicherheit und Verteidigung und der Strategischen Agenda gemacht werden. Der große Durchbruch kurz vor Weihnachten blieb somit aus, wenngleich der Gipfel wohl aus ukrainischer Perspektive historisch sein dürfte.

Ninni Andersson/Regeringskansliet

Challenges for Sweden one year after forming the government

Government loses support, Sweden Democrats make gains

The Kristersson government has been in office for a year with the support of the right-wing nationalist Sweden Democrats under the Tidö-Agreement.

IMAGO / Zoonar

Preliminary report on the elections in Serbia

Possible changes due to early parliamentary elections

On December 17 Serbia will hold early Parliamentary Elections, Local Elections for 65 municipalities and Regional Elections for the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. The elections are a result of societal and political tensions, which were sharpened following two mass shootings in Belgrade and Mladenovac in May 2023 and the intensified tensions with Kosovo. The short and intensive election campaign is marked by increasing polarization. Regardless of the results, Serbia will face great internal and external political challenges in the coming year.

IMAGO / Scanpix

"Swish and Vote" in Estonia

Voting via smartphone soon?

After five years, the European Parliament elections will be held again in 2024. From June 6th to June 9th, 2024, over 448 million Europeans will be asked to cast their votes for various parties. People in Estonia are waiting with anticipation for the next European elections. If the current Estonian government of the Kallas III cabinet (centre-left coalition) is successful, Estonians will be able to cast their votes via smartphone for the first time in this election. Is this the next step in the progressive digitalisation of the country, or a neck-breaking move at the expense of democracy?

Der Blick auf das slowakische Gesundheitswesen aus dem Ausland

Die Konferenz des Verbandes der Gesundheitskräfte im Ausland über neue Lösungen für das slowakische Gesundheitswesen.

Der Verband der Gesundheitsfachkräfte im Ausland organisierte am 11.11.2023 in Bratislava die 1. Konferenz zum Thema Gesundheit und Gesundheitspolitik. An der Konferenz nahmen slowakische Gesundheitsfachkräfte teil, die ins Ausland gegangen sind, um dort zu arbeiten, und über reiche Arbeitserfahrungen aus entwickelten Ländern der Welt verfügen.


Russia in the Middle East

Strategies and Interests

Hamas' terrorist attack on Israel and the resurgence of a hot Middle East conflict in October 2023 is attracting the attention not only of regional actors but also of the global community. Russia's reaction in particular is being watched with great interest. Russia, as the legal successor state of the Soviet Union, has a deep-rooted history of engagement in the Middle East. In addition to current Russian reactions to the Middle East conflict, this report is dedicated to the historical role of the Soviet Union and Russia in the region and highlights Russian interests in the Middle East.

Law Brief: Navigating the Legal Landscape

Law Brief is a collection of legal articles that are written by KASFLY-2023 Fellows. Each fellowship consists of a series of training that enhance critical thinking, research, analysis, and academic writing skills.

Länderbericht: Regierungswechsel in Luxemburg

CSV-DP-Regierung unter Luc Frieden vereidigt

Nach den Parlamentswahlen vom Oktober wurde die neue Regierung von Premierminister Luc Frieden (CSV) vereidigt. Das Bündnis aus Christlich-sozialer Volkspartei (CSV) und der liberalen Demokratischen Partei (DP) löst die bisherige Dreierkoalition aus liberaler DP, Arbeiterpartei LSAP und den Grünen ab. Der ehemalige Premierminister Xavier Bettel (DP) wird Außenminister.

Adobe Stock / vepar5

The Democratic Republic of the Congo before the election

The Democratic Republic of Congo with its 100 million inhabitants votes in December - an opportunity and a challenge

On 20 December 2023, the people of Africa's second largest country, which has been ravaged by crises, mismanagement and war, will be called upon to take part in a mega-event: they will simultaneously elect the President of the Republic, the 500 members of the National Assembly, the representatives of the 26 provincial parliaments and, for the first time, the members of the municipal councils (city councils). President Félix Tshisekedi, the country's former beacon of hope, is standing for re-election. The presidential candidates all come from the well-known political class. However, the opposition candidates are primarily criticising the current government and the election process. Political parties in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are rarely guided by traditional ideological or democratic principles; they are often linked to tangible economic interests. In the past, there have been repeated cases of unrest after elections - in a country the size of Western Europe.

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About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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