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CCS and Climate Neutrality

Developing a Pathway for Germany

The goal of climate neutrality by 2045 poses enormous challenges for the German industry. Despite all efforts, there will be greenhouse gas emissions even after 2045 that are unavoidable or hard to abate. In order to ensure climate neutrality and competitiveness, carbon capture and storage (CCS) will be necessary. The publication identifies the challenges of CCS in Germany and develops policy recommendations to overcome these challenges.

Adobe Stock / vepar5

The Democratic Republic of the Congo before the election

The Democratic Republic of Congo with its 100 million inhabitants votes in December - an opportunity and a challenge

On 20 December 2023, the people of Africa's second largest country, which has been ravaged by crises, mismanagement and war, will be called upon to take part in a mega-event: they will simultaneously elect the President of the Republic, the 500 members of the National Assembly, the representatives of the 26 provincial parliaments and, for the first time, the members of the municipal councils (city councils). President Félix Tshisekedi, the country's former beacon of hope, is standing for re-election. The presidential candidates all come from the well-known political class. However, the opposition candidates are primarily criticising the current government and the election process. Political parties in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) are rarely guided by traditional ideological or democratic principles; they are often linked to tangible economic interests. In the past, there have been repeated cases of unrest after elections - in a country the size of Western Europe.

IMAGO / NurPhoto

Facing difficult dilemmas

Rishi Sunak and the Tories ahead of the 2024 elections

In the polls, the opposition Labour Party is far ahead of the ruling Conservatives. With the appointment of David Cameron as Foreign Secretary, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak, who is under immense pressure, has certainly pulled off a coup. This risky move hints at the outlines of the strategy the British Conservatives will take into the 2024 election year.

Piloting the Climate Club in the Steel Sector

Focus on the Quick Wins, Create a Safe Space for Dialogue

The Paris Agreement represents the collective ambitions of its signatory countries to limit the global average temperature to well below 2°C and pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 °C. Given the limitations of a multilateral format focusing on overarching climate change mitigation goals, recent discussions have focused on establishing plurilateral alliances. This paper sheds light on the potential of a sectoral alliance for steel and develops policy recommendations for piloting a climate club in the steel sector.

Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V.

Ameniens ambitionierte Ziele für eine (bildungs-)inklusive Gesellschaft 2025

Inklusion weltweit – Aktueller Stand aus Armenien

Armenien ist eines von drei Ländern im Südkaukasus und ein Nachfolgestaat der Sowjetunion. Es unternimmt seit Jahren sehr positive Bemühungen im Bereich der Bildungsinklusion, ist aber noch entfernt davon, eine inklusive Gesellschaft zu sein. In Zusammenarbeit mit dem Büro der Menschenrechtsbeauftragten der Republik Armenien, erstellte die Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung im Südkaukasus im letzten Jahr eine Studie zu den Hürden für Menschen mit Behinderungen in Armenien.

Rumana/Adobe Stock

"BRICS Plus" - Brief analysis Asia and the Pacific

Unsurprisingly, there is no single answer to the question of whether the BRICS are perceived as an anti-Western alliance that applies equally to all Asian countries. Two of the five BRICS countries, China and India, are located in Asia. Together, these two geopolitical heavyweights account for almost a third of the world's population. A third BRICS country, Russia, is predominantly located in Asia, at least in terms of area. China's enormous political and economic weight and Russia's search for new forms of international networking and recognition do not yet make BRICS an Asian event. However, the countries in the immediate neighbourhood are already economically and politically dependent on both superpowers and are massively affected by their ambitions and interests.

Rumana/Adobe Stock

"BRICS Plus" - Brief analysis Latin America

While the BRICS summit in Johannesburg and the expansion of the alliance that took place at the summit generated little media coverage in Mexico, Central America, the Andean states and Uruguay, the event was followed with greater interest in the member country Brazil, as well as in Chile. In the left-wing authoritarian states of Bolivia and Venezuela, the BRICS expansion also received a great deal of official attention, as the heads of state of both countries travelled to Johannesburg as observers or joined in via video message, reaffirming their interest in becoming members themselves. Argentina's potential membership of BRICS+ has become a topic of discussion in the presidential election campaign, with the country on the Rio de la Plata now debating the pros and cons of joining at the turn of the year.

Rumana/Adobe Stock

"BRICS Plus" - Brief analysis Middle East and North Africa

Four of the six potential new BRICS members - Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Iran and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) - belong to the Middle East and North Africa region. The motives of these four countries for joining BRICS are diverse: while Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the UAE are primarily interested in expanding their economic partnerships, membership of the BRICS group means a way out of economic and political isolation for Iran. Several other countries in the region such as Bahrain, Kuwait, Algeria, Sudan and the Palestinian territories have applied for membership. While Egypt, the UAE and Iran officially joined on January 1, 2024, Saudi Arabia is still hesitant to officially accept the invitation to join the alliance.

Rumana/Adobe Stock

"BRICS Plus" - Brief analysis Sub-Saharan Africa

For the first time in its history, the BRICS Summit took place on the African continent in Johannesburg. The theme of the summit, "BRICS and Africa: A Partnership for Growth, Sustainable Development and Multilateralism", also reflects the BRICS' growing interest in Africa. In addition to the fact that two African countries, Egypt and Ethiopia, will be accepted as full members of the alliance from 2024, the participation of 30 African heads of state and government at the summit also manifests the importance that African countries now attach to the BRICS. South Africa and Ethiopia, as current and designated member states, as well as Nigeria and Kenya, which are regarded as regional powers and influential geopolitical players, are paying particularly close attention to the topic. In many other sub-Saharan African countries, however, it plays a rather subordinate role in public and political discourse.

Rumana/Adobe Stock

"BRICS Plus" - Brief analysis Europe and North America

Overall, government representatives from Europe and North America were noticeably reticent to make public statements on the most recent BRICS summit and the BRICS expansion. The low media attention is also associated with the fact that the BRICS should not be overrated. Calls to join the BRICS alliance, such as in Serbia or parts of Bosnia-Herzegovina, are not echoed at all. Overall, the BRICS alliance tends to be seen as an anti-Western alliance of states in Europe and North America, although its influence is considered to be low primarily due to its great heterogeneity. Some observers even see the BRICS as weakened by the strong fragmentation, for example in Canada and Sweden: even defining common goals is becoming increasingly difficult, and Egypt and Argentina are considered to be rather economic brake pads than drivers.

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