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EU-Kazakhstan Green Hydrogen Partnership

Mapping Barriers and Establishing a Roadmap

Striving for the transition to climate neutrality, the EU plans to import 10 million tons of green hydrogen annually by 2030. To this end, the EU is looking for hydrogen exporters globally. Kazakhstan has significant potential for developing renewable hydrogen, due to its abundant solar and wind resources. Yet significant obstacles and challenges remain. The policy paper illustrates key problems in the production of green hydrogen in Kazakhstan and develops policy recommendations for an EU-Kazakhstan Green Hydrogen Partnership.

IMAGO / Agencia EFE

A nation loses its patience

Controversial mining contract in Panama triggers mass protests across the country

In recent months, Panama has been involved in a controversial debate about a controversial mining contract with far-reaching implications. The contract, which was approved by the Panamanian Congress on October 20, grants Minería Panama, a subsidiary of First Quantum Minerals from Canada, the right to operate the largest open pit copper mine in Central America for a period of 20 years. This mine covers approximately 12,000 hectares in Donoso, Colón province. The agreement promises significant economic benefits for Panama and ensures that at least USD 375 million in license fees will be paid annually. President Laurentino Cortizo emphasized at the approval of the contract on 24 October: 'We have made the right decision, not the easiest one. Nevertheless, nationwide protests broke out, reflecting public dissatisfaction with both the agreement itself and current government policy.

Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V.

Der lange Weg zur Inklusion in Namibia

Inklusion weltweit – Aktueller Stand aus Namibia

Nach der letzten nationalen Datenerhebung der Namibia Statistics Agency (NSA) aus dem Jahre 2016 machen Menschen mit Behinderungen rund 5 Prozent der Gesamtbevölkerung in Namibia aus. Der tatsächliche Anteil dürfte jedoch weitaus höher sein. Diese Annahme fußt auf den Mangel an verfügbaren aktuellen Daten, Stigmatisierung, Diskriminierung und kulturellen Vorurteilen, mit denen Menschen mit Behinderungen (PwD: People with Disabilities) in Namibia noch immer konfrontiert sind. Der Schwerpunkt dieses Berichts aus der Reihe „Länderbericht mal anders“ liegt darin, die fortschrittlichen Bemühungen von diversen Interessengruppen in Zusammenarbeit der KAS Namibia-Angola sowie die wichtigsten nationalen Institutionen im Behindertensektor in Namibia vorzustellen.

wikimedia / Gary Todd from Xinzheng CC0

Minimizing the Human Factor

Mongolia's search for the "perfect system"

Is there a "perfect system of government"? How should it be designed to prevent corruption and illegitimate political influence? Can the human factor be eliminated through sophisticated checks and balances? Can a free press and an independent judiciary be replaced by an optimized electoral system and a balanced composition of parliament? Mongolia is trying to answer these questions by once again adapting the election and party laws and amending the constitution. Thirty-three years after the peaceful democratic revolution, the fine-tuning of the Mongolian system of government has still not been completed.

The public domain of the Government of Montenegro

Montenegro’s 44th government sworn in

Comprehensive reform agenda in difficult times

After several months of negotiations, Milojko Spajić, Chairman of the Europe Now movement, was elected as the new Prime Minister of Montenegro. A total of 46 parliamentarians voted in favour of the 36-year-old shooting star - more than ever before in an election of a prime minister in Montenegro. With his 19 ministers, Prime Minister Spajić must now tackle many challenges quickly.

Fiscal opportunities and risks of migration in the context of demographic change

On the potentials and challenges of managed migration

Demographic change poses enormous challenges for the German welfare state. In addition to the discussion on how domestic potential for the labour market can be promoted, there is also a debate on the extent to which migration can contribute to mitigating or even overcoming the negative effects of demographic change on the welfare state. Managed labour migration in particular could be suitable for this purpose. This study addresses this question using the internationally established method of generational accounting.

Presidencia de la República del Perú

Exchange on current geopolitical challenges

Peruvian President Dina Boluarte receives Prof. Dr Norbert Lammert

On the fringes of this year's KAS Latin America Staff Conference in Lima, a high-level meeting took place between the Chairman of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the President of Peru on 31 October 2023.


France and the war in the Middle East

A country in worry

Since October 7th, when the terrorist organization Hamas attacked Israel, it has also been felt in France how much this war affects and concerns society. After another fatal knife attack by an IS supporter on a teacher at a school in Arras, northern France, France imposed the highest terror alert level and 7,000 soldiers were mobilized across the country. There have now been numerous bomb threats against airports, schools and tourist sites such as the Palace of Versailles and the Louvre, and the French executive warned against an “import” of the conflict in the Middle East to Europe and France. In addition, pro-Palestinian demonstrations took place in many French cities. After Hamas's attack on Israel, French Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin sent telegrams to the prefects of all departments demanding that pro-Palestinian demonstrations be banned. He also called for the organizers of these gatherings and the “troublemakers” to be systematically arrested. The police prefecture of Paris had also tried to ban planned demonstrations in the capital. However, a demonstration took place on the 19th of October, although the administrative court decided just before that “respect for freedom of demonstration and freedom of expression, which have the character of fundamental freedoms (...) is reconciled with the constitutional requirement of maintaining public order. On October 28, thousands of demonstrators gathered in Paris despite the ban on “demonstrations in support of Palestine”. There were 21 arrests and around 1,400 fines issued by law enforcement.

Pixabay / almathias

"Global Gateway" slowly gathers momentum

The Global Gateway Forum on October 25 and 26 in Brussels brought together high-level representatives from over 40 countries.

The meeting gave the EU the opportunity to publicly promote the Global Gateway infrastructure strategy, which was launched at the end of 2021, and to announce concrete project completions.


Ukraine and Israel: International Crises in the Election Campaign of a War-Weary USA

An Analysis One Year Ahead of the Election in November 2024

U.S. President Joe Biden calls it an "inflection point in history": The wars between Russia and Ukraine and between Hamas and Israel challenge American foreign policy - at a time when many Americans prefer to focus on their own country. This tension is shaping the upcoming election campaign.

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