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Presidencia de la República del Perú

Exchange on current geopolitical challenges

Peruvian President Dina Boluarte receives Prof. Dr Norbert Lammert

On the fringes of this year's KAS Latin America Staff Conference in Lima, a high-level meeting took place between the Chairman of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the President of Peru on 31 October 2023.

Imago / ABACAPRESS

France and the war in the Middle East

A country in worry

Since October 7th, when the terrorist organization Hamas attacked Israel, it has also been felt in France how much this war affects and concerns society. After another fatal knife attack by an IS supporter on a teacher at a school in Arras, northern France, France imposed the highest terror alert level and 7,000 soldiers were mobilized across the country. There have now been numerous bomb threats against airports, schools and tourist sites such as the Palace of Versailles and the Louvre, and the French executive warned against an “import” of the conflict in the Middle East to Europe and France. In addition, pro-Palestinian demonstrations took place in many French cities. After Hamas's attack on Israel, French Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin sent telegrams to the prefects of all departments demanding that pro-Palestinian demonstrations be banned. He also called for the organizers of these gatherings and the “troublemakers” to be systematically arrested. The police prefecture of Paris had also tried to ban planned demonstrations in the capital. However, a demonstration took place on the 19th of October, although the administrative court decided just before that “respect for freedom of demonstration and freedom of expression, which have the character of fundamental freedoms (...) is reconciled with the constitutional requirement of maintaining public order. On October 28, thousands of demonstrators gathered in Paris despite the ban on “demonstrations in support of Palestine”. There were 21 arrests and around 1,400 fines issued by law enforcement.

Pixabay / almathias

"Global Gateway" slowly gathers momentum

The Global Gateway Forum on October 25 and 26 in Brussels brought together high-level representatives from over 40 countries.

The meeting gave the EU the opportunity to publicly promote the Global Gateway infrastructure strategy, which was launched at the end of 2021, and to announce concrete project completions.

IMAGO / ZUMA Wire

Ukraine and Israel: International Crises in the Election Campaign of a War-Weary USA

An Analysis One Year Ahead of the Election in November 2024

U.S. President Joe Biden calls it an "inflection point in history": The wars between Russia and Ukraine and between Hamas and Israel challenge American foreign policy - at a time when many Americans prefer to focus on their own country. This tension is shaping the upcoming election campaign.

IMAGO / ZUMA Wire

Primaries in Venezuela

Two successes and one surprise

A success for the Venezuelan opposition and a success for liberal-conservative candidate María Corina Machado: On October 22, 2023, the opposition's self-organized primaries to determine a joint presidential candidate took place under difficult conditions. According to estimates, around two to three million voters took part, exceeding expectations. The participating parties are therefore unanimous in their assessment of the event as a success. The clear winner of the election is María Corina Machado, who, after counting 65 percent of the electoral files (as of the evening of October 23), has an unassailable lead with 93 percent of the votes. A clear success for Machado had already become apparent in the run-up to the election, so that all parties involved recognized her election victory early on. Many challenges accompanied the holding of the primaries, and there are more to overcome before the presidential elections are held in the second half of 2024. Shortly before the primaries, the Barbados Agreement between the government and the opposition surprisingly agreed on the period for the presidential elections and other related issues.

Adobe / HTGanzo

Regional elections in South Tyrol

People's Party loses - formation of government difficult

In South Tyrol, too, the days of absolute majorities are over: The South Tyrolean People's Party (SVP), the collective party of the German-speaking South Tyroleans, which has ruled continuously since 1948, suffered heavy losses in the regional elections on October 22, 2023: It lost more than 22,000 votes compared to the ballot five years ago, slumping from a previous 41.9 to 34.5 percent. In the future, it will have 13 deputies (two fewer than before) in the 35-seat provincial parliament in Bolzano. Against this background, the formation of a coalition, which must also include representatives of the Italian and Ladin language groups due to the principle of "ethnic proportional representation" enshrined in the autonomy statute, does not appear to be very easy.

Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V.

Arbeiten an der Inklusion

Inklusion weltweit – Aktueller Stand aus Griechenland

Griechenland befindet sich im Übergang. Die Zeit nach der Krise der 2010er Jahre führt nicht nur zu einer wirtschaftlichen Erholung, sondern trägt auch zu sozialen Veränderungen bei. Im Zuge dessen werden die Bedürfnisse und der Alltag von Menschen mit Behinderungen für die Gesellschaft immer wichtiger. Hier präsentieren wir einen ersten Überblick über aktuelle Vorhaben, die das Leben für Menschen mit Behinderungen erleichtern.

IMAGO / Xinhua

Argentina has voted

Peronism is alive

Presidential and legislative elections were held in Argentina on October 22. Contrary to almost all predictions, incumbent Economy and Finance Minister Sergio Massa of the ruling Unión por la Patria alliance won the most votes with 36.68%, ahead of self-proclaimed anarcho-capitalist Javier Milei (La Libertad Avanza) with 29, 98%, Patricia Bullrich (Juntos por el Cambio) with 23.83%, Juan Schiaretti (Hacemos por nuestro país) with 6.78% and Myriam Bregman (Frente de Izquierda y de Trabajadores - Unidad) with 2.7%. Thus, Sergio Massa and Javier Milei will face off in a runoff election on November 19. After finishing only in third place in the primary elections on August 13, the Peronist government alliance succeeded, against all expectations, in mobilizing the entire Peronist apparatus. Thus, the elections turned out similarly surprising and unpredictable as the August elections. Thus, everything remains open in the race for the presidency, but the majorities in the National Congress and the distribution of power in the provinces have already been determined (for the most part).

Michael Kappeler, dpa, picture alliance

A Just Transition?

Transforming Energy Systems in Africa

German development cooperation with African countries largely centres around the concept of a just (energy) transition towards low-carbon development of industry and infrastructure, as is prominently highlighted in the new Africa Strategy published by the Lead Federal Ministry. Even though creating jobs and boosting economic growth must be a key element of cooperation with Africa while at the same time taking into account environmental protection and biodiversity, it is questionable whether Germany’s approach of a “just transition” adequately does justice to African countries’ development priorities.

Thomas Imo, photothek, picture alliance.

Editorial

“Billions to no avail?” – this question was used to headline an article published this year in the newspaper Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung about Germany’s expenditure on develop­ment cooperation, which, the article states, is increasingly being questioned and criticised at home.

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