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Assessing the Energiewende

An International Expert Review

In view of the enormous challenges of the “Energiewende”, every new German government must ask itself the following question: How can we reconcile our long-term goal with the need to ensure a reliable, cost-effective and resource-saving energy supply also in the short to medium term? What’s more, with its “Energiewende”, Germany aspires to play an international leading role – from political, economic, ecological, social, technological, geo-strategic and security policy points of view. Against this backdrop, four international experts analyze the progress made so far and make recommendations.

Asia's climate change and energy security in figures

Diagrams and analysis about current facts and trends

Being intertwined with all issues of public life, social developments, environmental concerns and diplomacy, the dynamics of energy and climate politics are very complex and hard to understand as a whole. This is especially true for Asia, the naturally and socially most diverse continent on our planet. KAS RECAP has compiled a selection of its previously published graphics, diagrams and maps along with short texts analysing and explaining the respective data. This book supports our general understanding of the nexus of energy and climate politics in Asia by providing clearly arranged insights.

South Korea's Energy Transition and Its Implications for Energy Security

Lessons from the German Energy Transition

South Korea imports roughly 97 percent of its primary energy from abroad. This comes along with one of the highest per capita greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the world. Right after the presidential election in spring 2017, President Moon Jae-in announced a dramatic shift in national energy politics. In this respect, the German “Energiewende” (energy transition) might provide some important lessons to be learnt both in conceptualisation as well as in implementation. This study assesses the current situation and draws political implications and recommendations.

Hong Kong’s Green Innovations Impact its Energy Market

1st quarter 2018 issue of IAEE Energy Forum

The International Association for Energy Economics quarterly publishes selected essays about recent dynamics and developments in energy politics and economics worldwide. The recent issue features an article by Julie Metta and Jan Deller (City University of Hong Kong) about the challenges for Hong Kong's electricity sector.

Legacies of Geopolitical Insularity for Urban Energy Transitions Today

Electricity Generation and Use in Singapore and Kota Kinabalu

Low carbon urban transitions are pursued as means to tackle the challenges posed by climate change to urban energy resource flows and services. Research has, so far, been concerned with accounts as to the what, how and why of these low carbon urban transitions, largely omitting how historical legacies in cities’ energy policies and practices affect today’s transitions. The research project by Dr. Maria Francesch, KAS RECAP's Consultant offers insights into the role of path dependency in the energy development in Singapore and Malaysia.

Singapore's Prospective Carbon Taxes and Energy Efficiency Measures

An Analysis of market-based tools

Two years after the Paris COP21 Conference, the scope, modes and monitoring mechanisms of how to finance a low-carbon transition are widely debated. As direct subsidisation of renewable energies has been more and more criticised due to distorting incentives and high fiscal burdens for the consumer, carbon taxation and market-oriented solutions like Emission Trade Systems (ETS) are now considered as the most effective instruments for the decarbonisation of energy systems. Against this background, KAS RECAP commissioned two studies on essential aspects of Singapore's energy transformation.

Governance Challenges of Flood-prone Delta Cities

Integrating Flood Risk Management and Climate Change in Spatial Planning

Delta cities are increasingly exposed to the risks of climate change, particularly to flooding. As a consequence, a variety of new spatial development visions, strategies, plans and programmes are being developed by city governments in delta regions to address these risks and challenges. Dr. Maria Francesch-Huidobro, a consultant to KAS RECAP, co-authored a publication on examining infrastructural and climate-related problems of urban planning in delta cities.

Access to clean and efficient energy in developing countries

The need for EU action to implement SDG7

Universal access to energy is yet to become a reality. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), 1.2 billion people currently live without access to electricity.

Asian Cities in Transnational Networks on Climate Change

Act Global, Think Urban: Hong Kong & Singapore

This paper explores the experiences of two iconic Asian cities – Singapore and Hong Kong – as members of transnational urban networks on climate change. It sets their activities within the C40 and SEANCC networks in the context of existing knowledge on transnational urban networks of climate change and provides thereby a pioneering study of Asian cities in these networks.

Power Interconnection in the ASEAN Region

Lessons Learnt from International Experience

This paper discusses the development of power interconnection in ASEAN, focusing on the recently announced interconnection concept between Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR), Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore (LTMS). As templates, the authors use the evolutionary experience of electricity interconnection and trade in three international markets that have relevance for ASEAN, specifically: the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), European electricity markets, and Nord Pool.