Publications

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The Future Role of the Hashd al-Shaabi in Iraq

KAS and Maison du Futur publish policy paper on the Shia militias in Iraq
The Shia militias of Iraq, known as the Hashd al-Shaabi, have now been institutionalized as a permanent security force under the Iraqi state, and with upcoming elections, these militias are positioned to emerge as key political influencers. In her guest contribution published by KAS and Maison du Futur, Kari Frentzel examines the formation and composition of these militias and their ties to the Iraqi state, and argues that the Hashd will remain an autonomous actor that will exacerbate political tensions and increase Iranian influence in Iraqi politics in the post-ISIS period.

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Report of the Task Force on the Future of Iraq

by Nils Wörmer, Lucas Lamberty

KAS-supported expert group recommends long-term US engagement in Iraq
With the prospect of a military defeat of the so-called Islamic State (IS) in Mosul, there is a need for a strategy for the stabilisation of Iraq in the future. Over the last year, the Task Force on the Future of Iraq, an expert group founded by the Atlantic Council with the support of KAS to advise the US administration, has developed policy recommendations for the future US policy in Iraq. In its report, the task force advocates a long-term approach in Iraq with a focus on good governance and continued support for Iraqi security forces.

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“The future of a whole region is at stake“

KAS Deputy Secretary General Dr Wahlers spends five days in Iraq
The so-called Islamic State (IS) in Iraq is under growing pressure after more than eight months of heavy fighting for the northern Iraqi city of Mosul. Therefore, the question on the future political situation of Iraq once again arises. In order to gain insight into the situation on the ground as well as the complex political, ethnic and religious conflicts within the country, the deputy Secretary General visited central Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq for five days.

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Russia in Syria: Domestic Drivers and Regional Implications

KAS and Maison du Futur publish policy paper on Russia’s role in Syria
Over the past year, Russia has become an increasingly pivotal player in the Syrian war and, by extension, in the broader Middle East. Amidst the noise Russia’s impact in Syria has caused, the underlying drivers of its strategy – domestic, security and ideological – remain too often ignored. As a result, Russian decisions regarding Syria often seemed unpredictable and irrational to observers. However, Hanna Notte argues in her guest contribution, published by KAS and Maison du Futur, Russia’s strategy and fundamental interests in Syria have been remarkably consistent over the past six years.

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Programme for Training Syrian Journalists in Amman

by Nils Wörmer, Lucas Lamberty

KAS and Syria Direct organise training programme for young Syrian Journalists
Access to reliable, well-researched information is crucial to any functioning civil society, even more so in countries plagued by conflicts and war. The work of journalists in this context is as complicated as it is important, and upholding the principles of good journalism while reporting from conflict zones is a major challenge. From September until November 2016, the KAS Syria/Iraq office and its partner Syria Direct held a workshop for 12 Syrian journalists between the ages of 21 and 26 in Amman, Jordan, in order to train them in the fundamentals of independent journalism.

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Promoting Freedom of Religion and Belief in Iraq

KAS AND MASARAT HOLD WORKSHOPS IN BAGDAD, BASRA AND SULAYMANIYAH
With its mosaic of more than 18 religious and ethnic minorities, Iraq is unique in the Middle East. However, many of these minorities only enjoy no or only limited own rights, some are restricted in performing their rituals and traditions. In November 2016, the KAS Syria/Iraq Office and its partner Masarat conducted a series of workshops in Bagdad, Basra and Sulaymaniyah aiming at drafting a bill on freedom of religion and belief in Iraq.

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Hezbollah's Involvement in the Syrian Civil War

by Nils Wörmer, Lucas Lamberty

KAS and MdF publish policy paper on the effects of the involvment on the organisation
Currently, Hezbollah is supporting the Syrian regime with up to 10,000 fighters, and, over the past years, has evolved from a local to a regional player and a key Assad ally. However, in his guest contribution published by KAS and Maison du Futur in November 2016, Bilal Saab of the Atlantic Council argues that Hezbollah is facing an identity crisis, and while the involvement in the Syrian war provided the group with military training and new tactical skills, there have also been disadvantages such as a loss of support from both the Sunni Arab world and some of its Shiite supporters in Lebanon.

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Women’s Access to Justice in Iraq

KAS AND DHO HOLD WORKSHOPS IN BAGHDAD AND KARBALA
The Iraqi society, and with it, Iraq’s administrative and legal systems, are still largely dominated by men. Therefore, vulnerable and marginalized women often face challenges when trying to access justice and find their way through the administrative system. In September and October 2016, the KAS Syria/Iraq Office and the Democratic House Organization organized a series of workshops in Baghdad and Karbala to train women on their rights and on how to access them.

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Furthering the Integration of Syrian Refugees in Turkey

KAS and HKU hold workshop series for Syrien refugees in Gaziantep
Some of the main obstacles to refugee integration into a host community are often caused by a lack of information on the workings of the host society and its government. A project funded by the KAS Syria/Iraq office and implemented by the Hasan Kalyoncu University in Gaziantep from June to October 2016 aimed to counter this problem and to contribute to the integration of the Syrian refugee community in Turkey into the country’s social, economic, cultural and legal systems.

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The Paradox of Refugee Policies in the Middle East

KAS/Nahrain policy paper on the legal status of refugees in the Arab world
Currently, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq are among the countries that host the largest refugee populations in the world. However, Egypt and Yemen are the only Arab states that have signed the Geneva Convention of 1951 on the status of refugees. In her guest contribution published in November 2016 by KAS and the Al-Nahrain Center in Baghdad, Laura el Chemali looks at this paradox by comparing the legal status of refugees in different countries of the Arab region, and the consequences that this status – or the lack thereof – entails for their daily lives.
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