How the Yazidi Perceive the Responsibility to Protect and the Actions of the International Community
After the genocidal acts by ISIS, Yazidis are concerned to restore their livelihoods back in Sinjar under international and local protection.
In this study, Kerstin Tomiak explores the question how the Yazidi community perceives the actions and responsibilities of the international community after the group was targeted by ISIS.
Six years after the Yazidi community in northern Iraq was targeted by the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and subjected to a genocidal campaign, the survivors of the genocide still cannot return to their ancient home of Sinjar but live mostly in the Dohuk-governorate in the Kurdish autonomous region of Iraq. With the help of interviews with 28 Yazidi women, Kerstin Tomiak explores the question how the Yazidi community perceives the actions of the international community to protect the group. The author comes to the conclusion, that under the Responsibility to Protect doctrine (R2P), which has the explicit aim to protect vulnerable groups from genocide and the worst forms of political violence, the international community, as well as the Iraqi and Kurdish governments, have the responsibility to rebuild Sinjar and help the Yazidi to restore their livelihoods as well as that post-genocide reconciliation might be necessary with those who are perceived as bystanders and enablers of the violence.