Single title - Foundation Office Syria and Iraq
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The 2020 electoral system explains all puzzles of the 2021 election results in Iraq, in terms of the rise and demise of certain political forces. It helps strengthening the aspect of accountability, maintaining representation, and eventually stabilize the political landscape. However, the conduct of elections deepened political polarization due to claims of high scale fraud and votes’ manipulations.
Iraq’s electoral system evolved gradually over time, but the 2021 elections saw a fundamental change towards a majoritarian system based on smaller electoral districts, individual candidacy, electronic counting of the ballot papers and highest votes as a seat allocation mechanism, as legislated in the new Electoral Law No. 9 of 2020. In order to assess the impact of the new electoral system, a data-driven analysis of election results was conducted to measure its numeric impact as well as assessing the desirability of the new system based on the criteria of representation, accountability, and political stability.