detail - Syria/Iraq Office
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The aim of the conference was to draw lessons learned from the fight against terrorism and radicalization, using the turmoil of Syria and Iraq as case studies. The event assessed the counterterrorism policies of major international actors, such as the EU, US, and Russia, highlighting their interests and strategies in the Middle East.
After the welcoming remarks were given, the first panel on countering terrorism in the MENA region started. Adapted tools and policies as well as foreign interests and geographical focuses of counterterrorism were discussed.
The second panel gave an insight on how different countries determine the internal threat radicalized individuals or groups pose within their state borders. The experts elaborated on characteristics of radicalization in addition to the legal framework and the available tools to prevent radicalization. Moreover, possible de-radicalization approaches for returning fighters from Syria and Iraq were addressed.
In the third panel, the nexus between radicalization and terrorism was analyzed.
An overview of the intertwined stakeholders working on de-radicalization and counterterrorism was presented. Strategies, approaches and lessons learned were reviewed and some recommendations for the MENA region were given. The conference strengthened the understanding of efficient strategies on countering extremism and radicalization, both in the countries of the Middle East and in the West.