Paris Agreement: How it happened and what next

With a special focus on the role of non-state actors

Dieser Bericht gibt einen Überblick über das Pariser Klimaschutzabkommen und das mit ihm eingeführte neue globale Klimasystem sowie eine Reflexion des engagierten Stadtstaates Singapur. Er geht der Frage nach, wie das Pariser Ergebnis erreicht wurde und was jetzt getan werden muss. An zwei Schlüsselbeispielen von Gruppen der Weltstädte wird die wichtige Rolle der internationalen nicht-staatlichen Akteure aufgezeigt und durch die Reflexion einer Initiative der Großstadt Rio de Janeiro begleitet.

Staatskrise statt Endspurt

10 Faktoren entscheiden in den nächsten 100 Tagen, ob Olympia im Krisenland Brasilien zum Erfolg wird oder nicht

100 Tage vor der Eröffnungsfeier hat Brasilien die Olympischen und Paralympischen Sommerspiele fast vergessen. Stattdessen befindet sich das Land in einer tiefen wirtschaftlichen und politischen Krise. Letztere ist längst nicht mehr nur auf die Amtsenthebung von Dilma Rousseff beschränkt, sondern stellt die Problemlösungsfähigkeit des brasilianischen Staats insgesamt in Frage. Ob Olympia trotzdem zum Erfolg wird, hängt im Wesentlichen von 10 Faktoren ab.

Der Letzte macht das Licht aus

Dramatische Wasser- und Stromkrise in Venezuela

„In den ersten Wochen oder Mitte April könnte es einen Strom-Kollaps geben.“ Es sind harte Worte, die Luis Motta Domínguez, Venezuelas Energieminister, Mitte Februar vor dutzenden Bürgermeistern von sich gibt. Energie- und Wasserexperten warnen bereits seit Monaten vor dem nationalen Stromausfall.

Geopolítica Energética Global

Agenda Política

Artículo original publicado en la edición 2015-2 de la revista Diálogo Político.


Application deadline on May 15,2016

The Konrad-Adenauer-Foundation funds a 12-month research stay for a Fellow at theEuropean Centre for Energy and Resource Security (EUCERS) at King's College London.The candidate has to be Mexican. The Fellowship includes funding which will pay a monthlystipend of £1,807 for the fellow, university fees and a conference subsistence. In the case ofcurrent PhD students at another institution in Mexico, the monthly stipend will be of £1,954.During the selection process, preference will be given to enrolled PhD students. For more information, please see the PDF below.

Integración Energética Regional:

desafíos geopolíticos y climáticos

Para contribuir a hacer frente a los desafíos climáticos y geopolíticos de la integración energética latinoamericana y como una continuación de los debates celebrados en la conferencia internacional organizada en colaboración entre el Programa Regional Seguridad Energética y Cambio Climático en América Latina de la Fundación Konrad Adenauer (EKLA-KAS) y el Centro Brasileño de Relaciones Internacionales (CEBRI), con el apoyo de la Asociación Civil de Estudios Populares (ACEP), hemos realizado esta publicación, con la intención de presentar una visión general de los principales temas tratados.


Documento de debate para profesionales

Este estudio fue realizado por el Programa de Inversión Responsable (PIR) de A2G Climate Partners y el Programa Regional Seguridad Energética y Cambio Climático en América Latina (EKLA) de la Fundación Konrad Adenauer (KAS).

EKLA in deutschen Medien

Beiträge aus dem EKLA-KAS Team



Históricamente, América Latina representó una pequeña parte de la producción mundial, con Venezuela y México siendo los actores con representatividad global. No obstante, factores como el descubrimiento de una provincia de clase mundial en Brasil, la expectativa de desarrollodel gas no convencional en la Argentina y la apertura del sector de petróleo y gas luego demás de setenta años de monopolio de la empresa estatal en México viene despertando el interés deactores globales en la región.

¿Resistirá la expansión de las fuentes eólica y solar a la caída del precio del petróleo?

Una mirada sobre América Latina y el Caribe.

Este artículo presenta un panorama energético de América Latina y el Caribe, sin perder la perspectiva global y sus elementos de influencia, como la crisis ambiental y el ambiente económico mundial. El texto está dedicado a la discusión de la historia reciente de los precios del petróleo y a los desafíos que AL&C deberán enfrentar en la persistencia de un escenario de precio bajo del petróleo y un débil desempeño en la economía mundial. Son presentados doce recomendaciones destinadas a mitigar los efectos de las oscilaciones del petróleo en la política energética latinoamericana.

Series cerradas

Cambodia 2040

What does it mean to be a Cambodian? This question holds considerable significance for the kingdom of a 16 million strong population. Is it the identity, culture, and legacy rooted in the history and splendor of Angkor? Or is it instead tethered to be the brutality of the Khmer Rouge regime? Over the past 20 years, Cambodia has been on the path from the failed state of the 1970s genocide to a growing low-middle-income country in the world.

Cambodia 2040 is a book series in cooperation with Future Forum that gathers the critical foresight of respected experts on all issues Cambodian on what the kingdom will look like in 2040. The series consists of three separate volumes, containing economic development, culture and society, as well as international relations and governance respectively.

Volume I – Cambodia 2040: Economic Development[M1] 

The first volume of the Cambodia 2040 publication series covers relevant topics of the future economic development of Cambodia in the year 2040 with a wide-ranging analysis, such as fiscal policy, industrialization, regional economic integration, economic diplomacy, social protection and so on. Authors from various economic backgrounds, including H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, Mr. Chean Sithykun, Mr. Daravuth Sithy Rath, Mr. Vrak Thanit, Dr. Heng Pheakdey, Ms. Maureen Boyle, Mr. Oung Ty Keithya, Ms. You Sotheary and Ms. Kruy Narin, have contributed their insights to the projection of Cambodia's future economy. The recommendations made in this volume aim to show ways to achieve the countries’ economic goals in the next two decades.


The launch-event [M2] 

On January 22, 2020, Future Forum and KAS Cambodia launched the first volume of the Cambodia 2040 series at Raffle Hotel Le Royal in Phnom Penh. The program of the launch consisted of the official book launch, the panel discussion and a networking reception. A panel discussion was conducted fruitfully with the participations of Frank Steffel, member of the German Bundestag, Mr. Chean Sithykun, a former senior economist at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Mr. Ou Virak, president of Future Forum and H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, advisor to the Royal Government of Cambodia, as panelists.


Key takeaways from the authors

‘The main objectives of Cambodian fiscal policy in 2040 will be to keep the rate of inflation at between 2% and 3%, and to stabilize the kingdom’s macroeconomic environment.’ (Chean Sithykun, 2019).

‘By 2040 Cambodia will have built upon the initial basis it established to embed itself further up the value chain, through the pursuit of policies and reforms for promoting foreign investment and cross-border trade.’ (Sok Kha, 2019).

‘Overall [in 2040], new actors with enhanced responsibilities and partnerships with expanded scope and areas of cooperation will materialize, providing more options and platforms for Cambodia to reinforce and expand the momentum of its policy actions geared towards fostering greater international engagement with other major actors in both Asia and other rising mega-regions.’ (Daravuth Sithy Rath & Vrak Thanit, 2019). 


Volume II – Cambodia 2040: Culture and Society

The second volume of this series sets out to paint a picture of the future of Cambodian culture and society in the year 2040 with authors such as Ms. Din Darathtey, Mr. Harry Catherine, Ms. Nhek Pichponreingsey, Mr. Khoun Theara, Mr. Sun Chhai, Ms. Hoy Sokkea, Mr. Soeung Sophat, Mr. You Sokunpanha and Mr. Chhorn Theara. The topics of gender equality, education, health, food, media, tourism, and many others are covered in this outing with the projection of possible future scenarios and constructive recommendations that will guide Cambodia to meet its goals in the next two decades.


The digital launch-event

In early July 2020, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, the original plan of launching volume 2 of Cambodia 2040 was shifted to a digital format that took place over the entire week from July 9 to July 16 on social media, including a networking reception with authors and editors and book pick-ups at KAS office. 425 hard copies of the second volume were distributed in just five hours after announcing the launch.


Key takeaways from the authors

‘The future Cambodian young people will define themselves to be an actualization of an ideal self, transformed from the old traditional Khmer identity by integrating traditional and modern elements of being Cambodian, and detached from the victimized stain of their Khmer Rouge past.’ (Din Darathtey, 2019).

‘Due to the positive effects of the newly revamped health education curriculum, the future population of Cambodia will be more inclusive and less ignorant about gender, sexuality, and sexual reproductive rights.’ (Harry Catherine and Nhek Pichponreingsey, 2019).

‘A crucial feature of the 2040 vision for education is the structure around STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and mathematic).’ (Rath Setha, 2019)


Volume III – Cambodia 2040: International Relations and Governance

The final volume of Cambodia 2040 gathers the contributions of many authors from relevant fields of international relations and governance, including Mr. Ou Virak, H.E. Ambassador Pou Sothirak, Ms. Pich Charadine, Mr. Chan Sam Art, Mr. Brevin Anderson, Mr. Him Reaksmey, Mr. Rasheed Griffith, Mr. Lor Samnang, Mr. Thomas Pearson, Mr. Chanty Pisal, Mr. Yann Aoudourm and Mr. Min Seiha. The recommendations for 2040 that are stated in this volume are set against the circumstances of Cambodia in the 2020s, covering the topics of global megatrends, geopolitics, Mekong subregion cooperation, soft power, foreign aid, rule of law, public administration and civil service. In 2022, for the third time, Cambodia is going to be the chair of ASEAN, a position that holds many critical challenges, including shaping the immediate post-COVID-19 future, political tensions in the South China Sea, geopolitical dilemma, political conflict in Myanmar and so on. However, this chairmanship will also bring the Kingdom the opportunities to strengthen its weight in the region politically and economically.


The digital launch-event

With the unexpectedly serious community outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2021, the launch event of the third volume was also conducted in a digital format. On March 4, 2021, at the Factory Phnom Penh, all books of the series were launched at a panel discussion that was streamed live on Zoom and social media with a total number of around 200 watching. The panel was attended by H.E. Dr. Chem Widhya, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, H.E. Ambassador Christian Berger, German Ambassador to Cambodia, H.E Ambassador Pou Sothirak, CICP Executive Director, and Ms. Heng Omouy, founder and CEO of CamSolution. The panel was moderated by Ms. Isabel Weininger, KAS Representative to Cambodia. The audience fielded questions via Zoom and Facebook, leading to a lively Q&A.

Key takeaways from the authors:

As a relatively small state in terms of geographic size, populations, and economy – Cambodia has confronted and will continue to confront a very different foreign policy landscape than that of not just the great powers, but also its own ASEAN partners.’ (Pou Sothirak, 2019).

Over the next 20 years, Cambodia will become a green state by engaging in sustainable policies that set the gold standard for environmental management.’ (Chan Sam Art, 2019).

‘In 2040, the public sector requirements of the Cambodian citizenry continue to be shaped by enhanced economic performance, globalization, and domestic advancements in digital information and technology systems.’ (Yann Aoudourm, 2019).