Romania

Media Situation:

Freedom of expression and its corollary, media freedom, have long been considered two of the main gains of democracy in Romania, after the fall of Communism. The first years after 1989 were "growth years" for both media and political sectors in Romania. In 1993, Romania joined the Council of Europe and signed the association agreement with EU, while in 1995 applied officially for EU membership. The legislative harmonization started and many progresses were made during those years. In January 2007, Romania became a full-fledged EU member, which eased the compliance pressure on the authorities. More

Media Freedom:

Romania is the top performer in South East Europe in terms of press freedom – at least in the ranking of Reporters Without Borders. And yet, a disturbing rhetoric against the journalists as well as politicised media outlets have contributed to an unbalanced media environment. What is more, the legal provisions protecting independence of the press are not properly enforced and even sometimes in danger of being reversed. More

Media Outlets:

The print media was heavily affected by both economic crises and the changes in the media consumption pattern. The advertising revenues decreased by over 50 per cent since 2009. As a result the newspapers shrank their newsrooms, decreased the number of pages or even shut down their paper editions all together. One of the main problems of the print media is that the distribution networks do no cater properly for the ever fewer newspaper readers. Distribution is slow (in some cases even from day to tomorrow), it does not reach to the rural areas, commissions are high (distributors charge as high as 33 per cent of the price per copy), payments to publishers are delayed. As a result, readership figures go down year after year. More

Media Usage:

Graphics on media usage in Romania. More