Risk Factors in Space and How to Manage Them

New Frontiers

With regard to the recent Ukraine war, an intriguing photo has been posted online. The photo features a GPS receiver installed on a Sukhoi Su-34, the main fighter-bomber of the Russian Air Force. Su-34 is one of the country’s important weapon systems, just like F-15K in South Korea. Meanwhile, Russia is known to have sent jamming signals so that Ukraine cannot use GPS signals. In other words, ironically, Russia is utilizing the GPS signals, space assets operated by its potential enemy and at the same time interfering them.
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The increasing use-cases of space assets reflect the rise in the dependency on space assets. As our life is closely linked to space, any threat to each space asset may endanger our security. For instance, GPS jamming incidents may result in aviation accidents.2 Furthermore, it may cause national security issues, such as a power grid failure caused by solar storm.3 With space emerging as a new battlefield, interest in space-related national security threats has been on the rise. In other words, space security has become one of emerging security issues.

This paper will take a look at risk factors of space security based on risk management principles and discuss how to manage them. First of all, it will explain the concept of risk management for space security and introduce typical risk events. And then this paper will introduce key participants managing such risks and their organizations, and countermeasures. Lastly, it will discuss the possibility of working with Europe on risk management for space security. 


Sangah Yoon

Sangah Yoon

Projektmanagerin #KAS4Security

sangah.yoon@kas.de +82 2 790 7154 +82 2 793 3979