Understanding China – Perspectives on Current Chinese Domestic and Foreign Policy

Tensions between Taiwan and China have risen to an all-time high as House Speaker of the White House Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan on August 2, 2022. The world is watching with bated breath and great concern at China's response, which is not long in coming. With the aid of drills focused on land and air attacks around Taiwan, China again underlines its position where it warns the United States and other countries from interfering in pursuing China's political interests. Furthermore, with regard to the recent war in Ukraine, concerns regarding the possibility of another war have sparked, as China is seen as unpredictable due to its increasingly aggressive foreign policy. However, times of uncertainty are not only present in Chinese foreign relations: Instability inside China's economy and society places additional pressure on the Chinese government.

China's reaction issued worries all around the globe, as the war in Ukraine had reinforced the realization that sudden escalation and war were still possible in this world. The concern is not unjustified. China's foreign policy strategies and its current handling of domestic affairs appear unpredictable. In particular, tangible possibilities of escalation regarding Chinese ‘core interests’ predate the war in Ukraine. China's assertive behavior in the field of foreign politics has grown continuously and more substantially due to numerous causes deeply rooted within domestic and foreign affairs.

On these matters, the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Korea Office and the Sungkyun Institute of China Studies at Sungkyunkwan University hosted an international seminar on July 4, 2022, inviting scholars and experts in the field of China studies as well as international relations and foreign policies of China, South Korea, the United States, and the European Union.

The experts held discussions on the status-quo of China's domestic affairs, and perspectives on Chinese foreign policies in the context of multilateral relations. They focused on current Chinese domestic affairs, and shared insights into Chinese foreign affairs in the context of U.S.-China relations, as well as their assessments of the numerous grounds of China's current and future foreign policy strategy. This report is a summary of those discussions.


Sangah Yoon

Sangah Yoon

Projektmanagerin #KAS4Security

sangah.yoon@kas.de +82 2 790 7154 +82 2 793 3979