Einzelpublikationen

Neue EU-Sanktionen gegen Belarus bei schweren Menschenrechtsverstößen "sehr wahrscheinlich"

Interview mit Dr. Oliver Ernst, Experte für Demokratie und Menschenrechte der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung Berlin

Angesichts der Zuspitzung der Menschenrechtslage in Belarus wird viel spekuliert, ob im Fall eines harten „Crackdowns“ seitens des Westens mit neuen Sanktionen zu rechnen wäre. Dr. Oliver Ernst analysiert im Gespräch, wie wahrscheinlich dies wäre - und kommt zu einem klaren Ergebnis

Целенаправленное противодействие серьезным нарушениям прав человека

Великобритания реализует новый глобальный санкционный режим

С тех пор как в США в 2012 году был принят "Акт Магнитского", предусматривающий санкции не только в отношении государств, но и отдельных лиц и учреждений за серьезные нарушения прав человека, этому примеру последовали и другие страны. Великобритания в одностороннем порядке приняла такой инструмент 6 июля 2020 года и в 49 случаях ввела целевые санкции против субъектов из России, Саудовской Аравии, Мьянмы и Северной Кореи. ЕС также стремится к скорейшему введению "умных" санкций в защиту прав человека.

EUROPEAN DEFENCE: BRITAIN’S ROLE AFTER COVID-19 AND BREXIT

Contribution to the series "The World HandCOV'd"

Defence and security could – under normal circumstances – have been the areas less effected by the British exit from the EU. Brexit did not alter geography, leaving the UK as a power of great importance to European security and defence. Also, every security and defence challenge for EU member states remains strategically important to the United Kingdom. Therefore, the challenge would have been to find pragmatic solutions and policies that enable the EU member states and the UK to work together for the security of their citizens. This looks somewhat different now, no matter from which point of view we assess the situation.

UNITED KINGDOM IN THE SHADOW OF BREXIT AND COVID-19

Contribution to the series "The World HandCOV'd"

The United Kingdom was facing testing geopolitical circumstances even before the outbreak of COVID-19. The UK is seeking to shape its new role outside of the EU and this has coincided with fresh disputes with Russia, a growing dispute between China and the United States US, and challenges in the UK’s ‘special relationship’ with the US, alongside the global COVID-19 pandemic. These factors alone would suggest the UK chart a nuanced foreign policy, appeasing new trade partners and assuaging political tensions, however this has not been the case, and the UK has recently acted in spite of possible political repercussions, passing the Magnitsky Act and offering citizenship to Hong Kong citizens. These decisions will have strong geopolitical ramifications for the UK during and after the global pandemic.

EAEU: NEW/OLD POST-COVID-19 STRATEGY

Contribution to the series "The World HandCOV'd"

The Eurasian Economic Union has marked its sixth anniversary at quite a difficult time. It is currently the most dynamic integration project in the post-Soviet space and its economic essence corresponds to the liberal–market paradigm. The fundamental documents of the EAEU are altogether in line with contemporary globalization and integration trends and include international best practices of integration associations, as well as the experience of previous attempts of post-Soviet integration.

SCO: NAVIGATING BETWEEN REGIONAL INTEGRATION AND DIVERGING NATIONAL INTERESTS IN EURASIA

Contribution to the series "The World HandCOV'd"

While the overall tone in official statements has stressed commitment by the governments for the multilateral approach to regional order, contradictory signals have been sent out due to competing regional and geopolitical interests of the member states. The Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union and China’s Belt and Road Initiative both seek to strengthen each side’s sphere of influence in the region.

COVID-19: CHALLENGES TO GLOBAL MULTILATERALISM

Contribution to the series "The World HandCov'd"

The COVID-19 pandemic has in many ways worked as an accelerator of already existing tendencies in international politics and in multilateral fora. While it is far too early to predict the consequences of the crisis for multilateralism and the multilateral architecture in general, certain developments can still be seen. Definitive predictions should however be approached very cautiously.

UNITED NATIONS AND INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY AFTER COVID-19

Contribution to the series "The World HandCov'd"

The largest intergovernmental organization that solemnly celebrated its 75th anniversary in 2020 was definitely not in its best shape as it approached the new landmark. The organization was established by the countries that were victorious in WWII and literally immediately found itself divided into two opposed blocks — capitalist and socialist — with the Group of 77 seeking neutrality in between. That confrontation was overcome for a short period in the 1990s after the disintegration of the USSR and the global socialist system.