Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Reuters / Ints Kalnins

Migration crisis on the Belarusian-Latvian border

Newest developments on the Belarusian-Latvian border

On August 2, Agnė Bilotaitė, the Lithuanian Minister of Interior signed an order which allowed board guards to send back migrants to Belarus.[1] Following this, there was a rapid increase of migrants crossing the Latvian border from Belarus. In the four days, from August 7 until August 10, 218 illegal migrants had been detained at the border. As the border crisis deepened, on August 10 the Government of Latvia declared a state of emergency in the border municipalities. The state of emergency is in force until November 10.[2]

jo.sau / flickr / CC BY 2.0

Reactions to the Belarusian provocations

Lithuania at the center of Belarusian provocations and illegal migration

One week after the preliminary apogee of the Belarusian provocations against Lithuania and the EU with a high number of illegal migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border and verbal threats of possible terrorist attacks in Lithuania, the arrival of illegal migrants to Lithuania has initially stopped. However, this situation has led to consequences for the neighboring states of Latvia and Poland. Lukashenka continues to try to destabilize the situation. He wants to prevent illegal migrants from returning to Belarus. In a special session on August 10, the Lithuanian parliament made far-reaching decisions to deal with the crisis. It was decided to build a physical barrier and expand military powers. Not only the EU, but also NATO are now asked to provide support in the crisis.

Okras / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Illegal migration as a political weapon

About the situation on the Belarusian-Lithuanian border

The Belarusian ruler Alexander Lukashenko has repeatedly threatened the EU to allow refugees from war zones to enter the EU in response to the sanctions imposed on his country. The main target is Lithuania, which has an almost 680 kilometer long and mostly unprotected border with Belarus. The increase in illegal migrant flows from Iraq and African countries is actively promoted by the Belarusian regime. According to Ylva Johansson, the EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, this is not just a migration crisis, but an act of aggression aimed at destabilization.

Witold Hussakowski. Sammlung des Lettischen Nationalmuseums.

January 1991

Barricades in Latvia

On 18 November 1918, the People’s Council of Latvia, founded by Latvian political parties, declared the Republic of Latvia de jure. However, actual independence had to be fought for with weapons and there were casualties. The Latvian War of Independence lasted two long years. On 4 May 1990, the Supreme Council of Latvia, elected in the first free elections of the Latvian SSR, declared restoration of the independence of the Republic of Latvia de jure. What followed this time, was nonviolent resistance under the auspices of the newly elected parliament, so as to regain independence de facto. We used no weapons, just our bare hands and the power of the nation’s spirit. There were casualties. The decisive battle came in January 1991.

Kārlis Dambrāns / flickr / CC BY 2.0

Vorgezogene Neuwahlen in Riga

Ein Korruptionsskandal brachte die Stadtregierung in Schwierigkeiten

Riga hätte eigentlich erst im Sommer 2021 wählen sollen. Doch ein erneuter Korruptionsskandal brachte die Stadtregierung in Schwierigkeiten. Rund zehn Jahre bestimmten die Parteien „Saskaņa“ (S)/ „Harmonie“ und „Gods kalpot Rīgai!“ (GKR)/ „Es ist eine Ehre, Riga zu dienen!“ die Politik der lettischen Metropole, und dies trotz zahlreicher systematischer Korruptionsversuche. Lange Zeit wurden alle Angriffe auf die Stadtregierung durch den damaligen Bürgermeister der Stadt, Nils Ušakovs, abgewehrt, der seit dem letzten Jahr Abgeordneter im Europaparlament ist.

Flickr / Saeima / CC BY-SA 2.0

Neue Regierung in Lettland

Am 23.Januar, 109 Tage nach den Parlamentswahlen am 06.10.2018 , hat das lettische Parlament (Saeima) die neue, von fünf Parteien gebildete, Regierung von Krišjānis Kariņš (Neue Unity) im Amt bestätigt. Am Morgen des 23. Januars haben alle fünf Parteien den Koalitionsvertrag, die Regierungserklärung sowie den Vertrag über die Fiskaldisziplin unterzeichnet.

Lettland steht vor schwieriger Regierungsbildung

Etablierte Parteien mit Verlusten – Zulauf für neue Kräfte

Am 7. Oktober waren 1,5 Millionen Wahlberechtigte in Lettland aufgerufen, über die 100 Sitze im Parlament in Riga zu entscheiden. Zur Wahl stellten sich 16 Parteien und Bündnisse. Bei nur 54,6 Prozent Wahlbeteiligung stand bereits vor Auszählung der Stimmen die größte Partei, die Partei der Nichtwähler, fest.

Kommunalwahlen in Lettland

Ergebnisse und Reaktionen

Am Samstag, den 3. Juni 2017, wurden in den 119 Kommunen Lettlands neue Parlamente und damit insgesamt 1.614 neue Abgeordnete für die Städte und Regionen gewählt. Mit Abstand die meisten Mandate konnte landesweit die Regierungspartei Zaļo un Zemnieku savienība (ZZS, Bündnis der Grünen und Bauern) gewinnen, trotz hoher Verluste in den größeren Städten Lettlands. Aufgerufen zur Wahl waren 1.443.801 Einwohner, die in 955 Wahllokalen die Möglichkeit hatten ihre Stimme abzugeben. Davon Gebrauch machten aber nur 727.839.

Difficult Legacies, Risky Futures – The Baltic Perspective on Migration

Dealing with the mass immigration from Northern Africa and from the Middle East is one of the biggest challenges for the European Union. Whether Europe as a whole will be able to deal with this unprecedented in-flux of asylum seekers and migrants is to a large extent the most crucial question for European solidarity.

New government in Latvia

Mehrheit für Koalition der Mitte-Rechts-Parteien ausgebaut

On Thursday, November 5, 2014, the Latvian Parliament (Saeima) with 61 votes in favor and 31 votes against approved the new government led by Laimdota Straujuma and her center-right party Vienotība. Vienotība managed to retain and increase a majority in the Parliament for her of 3 center-right party coalition.

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The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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