Publicaciones

Tecnologías Emergentes Aplicadas al Sector de las Energías Renovables

Una vez más, FGV IIU y KAS EKLA unen fuerzas para identificar el alcance y los usos de las nuevas tecnologías en el debate climático. Como resultado de este trabajo conjunto, presentamos este estudio.

Movilidad sostenible en América Latina

Posibilidades para la adopción de movilidad limpia en el sector de transporte de pasajeros en algunos países de América Latina

Considerando el contexto de América Latina en la búsqueda de soluciones eficientes y energéticamente limpias para el sector transporte, como parte de sus esfuerzos del combate al cambio climático, nos complace presentar el presente análisis “Posibilidades para la adopción de movilidad limpia en el sector de transporte de pasajeros en algunos países de América Latina”desarrollado por CEPAL con base en nuestro taller sobre transporte sostenible realizado en conjunto EKLA-KAS y CEPAL, al que asistieron los países de Costa Rica, México, Chile y Brasil.

Precio al Carbono en América Latina

Tendencias y oportunidades

"Precio al carbono en América Latina: tendencias y oportunidades", presenta una investigación oportuna no solo con el objetivo de divulgar e informar sobre las prácticas por país ( en cuatro países en particular: Argentina, Chile, Colombia y México) , sino también de inspirar a otros países de la región, a que adopten prácticas similares basadas en enfoques actuales de políticas regionales.

Economía Circular y Políticas Públicas

Estado del arte y desafíos para la construcción de un marco político de promoción de economía circular en América Latina

Gracias a la investigación elaborada por consultores del Centro de Innovación y Economía Circular - CIEC y a la participación de expertos durante 3 talleres en Lima, Bogotá y Santiago de Chile, logramos identificar las diferentes iniciativas impulsadas por el sector público, así como los emprendimientos más resaltantes y descubrir el discurso digital en torno a la temática de 20 países de la región.

Anouchka Unel / Wikimedia Commons

Deutsch-bolivianische Rohstoffpartnerschaft am Ende?

Am vergangenen Sonntag entzog die bolivianische Regierung überraschend dem Ende 2018 begründeten deutsch-bolivianischen Joint-Venture die Grundlage

Am 3. November hat Boliviens Präsident Evo Morales Mittels Präsidialdekret das Dekret 3738 aufgehoben, welches für die Dauer von 70 Jahren die Schaffung einer gemischten Gesellschaft zwischen dem bolivianischen Staat und der deutschen ACI Systems GmbH vorsah. Ziel des Joint-Venture ist die Industrialisierung von Lithium u.a. zum Bau von Batteriezellen. Hinter ACI stehen große deutsche Industrieunternehmen, darunter Volkswagen und Varta. Das BMWi erklärte am 6.11.2019, man nehme die Annullierung „mit Überraschung und Bedauern zur Kenntnis“. Nachvollziehbare Gründe für diese Entscheidung seien „der Bundesregierung bisher nicht bekannt“.

NDCs: ¿Qué significan para las grandes ciudades de América Latina? Etapa II | Informe Final

Etapa II | Informe Final

El objetivo fundamental del proyecto era “ayudar a los gobiernos nacionales y a los gobiernos de ciudades seleccionadas de América Latina a fortalecer el proceso de interlocución para alinear las NDC nacionales a los planes e iniciativas de cambio climático existentes de los gobiernos de las ciudades e identificar áreas de interés común”.

Geopolítica de las Energías Renovables en América Latina: SURVEY

Este estudio presenta los resultados de una encuesta sobre la geopolítica de las energías renovables en América Latina. Aquí enfocamos nuestra atención al comportamiento de élite.

Darren Hillman / flickr / CC BY-ND 2.0

Venezuelas energiepolitisches Erbe

Die US-Sanktionen auf venezolanisches Öl sind ein Schlag mit großer Symbolkraft, der allein aber keinen Machtwechsel herbeiführen wird. Dafür müsste der militärische Führungszirkel überzeugt werden, der wiederum genauestens auf die Reaktion Chinas und Russlands schauen dürfte. Für China und Russland sind indes ihre Investitionen und ihr geopolitischer Einfluss von großer Bedeutung. Die angekündigte Übernahme von internationalen Verbindlichkeiten durch Juan Guaidó war deshalb ein wichtiger Schritt. Dessen ungeachtet, würde eine neue Regierung ein schweres energiepolitisches Erbe übernehmen, das kurzfristig kaum zum Wiederaufbau Venezuelas beitragen könnte.

Blockchain Socioambiental

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Koordinierung der National- und regionalen Regierungen auf der Klimagenda in Lateinamerika

Coordination between levels of government is a challenge in most developing countries. In the case of climate change, the uncertainties about the problem compound to make climate planning a complex challenge. Climate planning, both mitigation and adaptation, must be part of the agenda of the main economic sectors as well as local governments, and coordination between national and city governments is crucial. Cities have often been forerunners in climate planning.

Series cerradas

Cambodia 2040

What does it mean to be a Cambodian? This question holds considerable significance for the kingdom of a 16 million strong population. Is it the identity, culture, and legacy rooted in the history and splendor of Angkor? Or is it instead tethered to be the brutality of the Khmer Rouge regime? Over the past 20 years, Cambodia has been on the path from the failed state of the 1970s genocide to a growing low-middle-income country in the world.

Cambodia 2040 is a book series in cooperation with Future Forum that gathers the critical foresight of respected experts on all issues Cambodian on what the kingdom will look like in 2040. The series consists of three separate volumes, containing economic development, culture and society, as well as international relations and governance respectively.

Volume I – Cambodia 2040: Economic Development[M1] 

The first volume of the Cambodia 2040 publication series covers relevant topics of the future economic development of Cambodia in the year 2040 with a wide-ranging analysis, such as fiscal policy, industrialization, regional economic integration, economic diplomacy, social protection and so on. Authors from various economic backgrounds, including H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, Mr. Chean Sithykun, Mr. Daravuth Sithy Rath, Mr. Vrak Thanit, Dr. Heng Pheakdey, Ms. Maureen Boyle, Mr. Oung Ty Keithya, Ms. You Sotheary and Ms. Kruy Narin, have contributed their insights to the projection of Cambodia's future economy. The recommendations made in this volume aim to show ways to achieve the countries’ economic goals in the next two decades.

 

The launch-event [M2] 

On January 22, 2020, Future Forum and KAS Cambodia launched the first volume of the Cambodia 2040 series at Raffle Hotel Le Royal in Phnom Penh. The program of the launch consisted of the official book launch, the panel discussion and a networking reception. A panel discussion was conducted fruitfully with the participations of Frank Steffel, member of the German Bundestag, Mr. Chean Sithykun, a former senior economist at the Ministry of Economy and Finance, Mr. Ou Virak, president of Future Forum and H.E. Dr. Leewood Phu, advisor to the Royal Government of Cambodia, as panelists.

 

Key takeaways from the authors

‘The main objectives of Cambodian fiscal policy in 2040 will be to keep the rate of inflation at between 2% and 3%, and to stabilize the kingdom’s macroeconomic environment.’ (Chean Sithykun, 2019).

‘By 2040 Cambodia will have built upon the initial basis it established to embed itself further up the value chain, through the pursuit of policies and reforms for promoting foreign investment and cross-border trade.’ (Sok Kha, 2019).

‘Overall [in 2040], new actors with enhanced responsibilities and partnerships with expanded scope and areas of cooperation will materialize, providing more options and platforms for Cambodia to reinforce and expand the momentum of its policy actions geared towards fostering greater international engagement with other major actors in both Asia and other rising mega-regions.’ (Daravuth Sithy Rath & Vrak Thanit, 2019). 

 

Volume II – Cambodia 2040: Culture and Society

The second volume of this series sets out to paint a picture of the future of Cambodian culture and society in the year 2040 with authors such as Ms. Din Darathtey, Mr. Harry Catherine, Ms. Nhek Pichponreingsey, Mr. Khoun Theara, Mr. Sun Chhai, Ms. Hoy Sokkea, Mr. Soeung Sophat, Mr. You Sokunpanha and Mr. Chhorn Theara. The topics of gender equality, education, health, food, media, tourism, and many others are covered in this outing with the projection of possible future scenarios and constructive recommendations that will guide Cambodia to meet its goals in the next two decades.

 

The digital launch-event

In early July 2020, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, the original plan of launching volume 2 of Cambodia 2040 was shifted to a digital format that took place over the entire week from July 9 to July 16 on social media, including a networking reception with authors and editors and book pick-ups at KAS office. 425 hard copies of the second volume were distributed in just five hours after announcing the launch.

 

Key takeaways from the authors

‘The future Cambodian young people will define themselves to be an actualization of an ideal self, transformed from the old traditional Khmer identity by integrating traditional and modern elements of being Cambodian, and detached from the victimized stain of their Khmer Rouge past.’ (Din Darathtey, 2019).

‘Due to the positive effects of the newly revamped health education curriculum, the future population of Cambodia will be more inclusive and less ignorant about gender, sexuality, and sexual reproductive rights.’ (Harry Catherine and Nhek Pichponreingsey, 2019).

‘A crucial feature of the 2040 vision for education is the structure around STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and mathematic).’ (Rath Setha, 2019)

 

Volume III – Cambodia 2040: International Relations and Governance

The final volume of Cambodia 2040 gathers the contributions of many authors from relevant fields of international relations and governance, including Mr. Ou Virak, H.E. Ambassador Pou Sothirak, Ms. Pich Charadine, Mr. Chan Sam Art, Mr. Brevin Anderson, Mr. Him Reaksmey, Mr. Rasheed Griffith, Mr. Lor Samnang, Mr. Thomas Pearson, Mr. Chanty Pisal, Mr. Yann Aoudourm and Mr. Min Seiha. The recommendations for 2040 that are stated in this volume are set against the circumstances of Cambodia in the 2020s, covering the topics of global megatrends, geopolitics, Mekong subregion cooperation, soft power, foreign aid, rule of law, public administration and civil service. In 2022, for the third time, Cambodia is going to be the chair of ASEAN, a position that holds many critical challenges, including shaping the immediate post-COVID-19 future, political tensions in the South China Sea, geopolitical dilemma, political conflict in Myanmar and so on. However, this chairmanship will also bring the Kingdom the opportunities to strengthen its weight in the region politically and economically.

 

The digital launch-event

With the unexpectedly serious community outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in February 2021, the launch event of the third volume was also conducted in a digital format. On March 4, 2021, at the Factory Phnom Penh, all books of the series were launched at a panel discussion that was streamed live on Zoom and social media with a total number of around 200 watching. The panel was attended by H.E. Dr. Chem Widhya, Secretary of State of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, H.E. Ambassador Christian Berger, German Ambassador to Cambodia, H.E Ambassador Pou Sothirak, CICP Executive Director, and Ms. Heng Omouy, founder and CEO of CamSolution. The panel was moderated by Ms. Isabel Weininger, KAS Representative to Cambodia. The audience fielded questions via Zoom and Facebook, leading to a lively Q&A.

Key takeaways from the authors:

As a relatively small state in terms of geographic size, populations, and economy – Cambodia has confronted and will continue to confront a very different foreign policy landscape than that of not just the great powers, but also its own ASEAN partners.’ (Pou Sothirak, 2019).

Over the next 20 years, Cambodia will become a green state by engaging in sustainable policies that set the gold standard for environmental management.’ (Chan Sam Art, 2019).

‘In 2040, the public sector requirements of the Cambodian citizenry continue to be shaped by enhanced economic performance, globalization, and domestic advancements in digital information and technology systems.’ (Yann Aoudourm, 2019).