Publications

Single title

Algeria’s Crisis: Outlook and Regional Implications

Mediterranean Dialogue Series 22
Algeria, the largest country in Africa by land area, one of Europe’s top three gas suppliers and a pivotal security actor in the region, has been shaken by mass protests since February 22, 2019. In this paper, Dalia Ghanem analyses the impact of the Algerian crisis on its neighbors Tunisia, Morocco, the Sahel and Europe.

Single title

The European Union and North Africa

Prospects and Challenges
The ongoing upheaval in North Africa has presented many challenges to Europe, which previously had been comfortable with the status quo of authoritarian leadership in much of the region. Now in its ninth year, the turmoil has forced European leaders to rethink their approaches to the region, based on the now-obvious reality that the brief hopes of early 2011 for the spread of democracy and economic progress will not be fulfilled anytime soon.
gordontour / flickr / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Country Reports

Libyen: Haftar in der Tripolis-Sackgasse

by Canan Atilgan, Simon Engelkes

Während Kampfverbände des selbsternannten Feldmarschalls und de-facto Herrschers Ost-Libyens Khalifa Haftar vor den Toren der libyschen Hauptstadt Tripolis stehen, haben die Milizen im Westen des Landes unter der nationalen „Einheitsregierung“ (GNA) die Operation „Vulkan des Zorns“ zur Verteidigung der Hauptstadt ausgerufen. Haftar will mit seiner „libyschen Nationalarmee“ (LNA) die Macht in Tripolis und somit in ganz Libyen übernehmen. Dafür muss er alles auf eine Karte setzen.

Single title

Trump in North Africa

Mediterranean Dialogue Series 19
The election of US President Donald Trump in 2017 meant a critical realignment in Washington’s global priorities. The Middle East and North Africa is no exception to this trend as new geopolitical realities emerged that prevalently breaks with traditional arrangements. The Trump administration’s policy towards North Africa in particular was characterized by a degree of apathy and an overall prioritization of US national interest. But the gradual demise of the White House and the State Department in North Africa is being replaced by an active Pentagon and a reinvigorated Congress. The following presents an evaluation of the US policy towards North Africa in the Trump era.

Single title

Drifting Apart? Transatlantic Relations in the Middle East

Meditarranean Dialogue Series 18
The transatlantic relations are not going through a smooth period. There seem to be more divergences than convergences regarding a number of issues. One of the areas where deep disconnects plague current transatlantic cooperation is the Middle East policy. While there is a common transatlantic understanding of the main threats to peace and stability in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, differences mark the approaches towards issues such as the nuclear deal with Iran or the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

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Transnational Organized Crime and Political Actors in the Maghreb and Sahel

Mediterranean Dialogue Series 17
The following paper is based on a workshop organized by the Regional Program South Mediterranean and the Regional Program Sahel of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung on December 3rd and 4th 2018 in Tunis. The paper aims at providing an overview on the dimensions of organized crime in the Maghreb-Sahel belt, the economic dependence of border populations on illicit economies, and the extensive connections between smugglers, states, jihadist groups and local communities.

Single title

A Comparative Study of Refugee Laws in Arab Countries

Mediterranean Dialogue Series 16
The asylum phenomenon has recently acquired a new dimension in the Arab region following the unrests happening in the aftermath of the so-called Arab Spring. Arab countries seem to not be fully prepared, especially on the legal level, to face this challenge.

Single title

The Levant: Search for a Regional Order

The rapid developments of recent years have drastically altered the political and economic landscapes of most countries in the Levant. Faced with a myriad of challenges, the (re-)construction of a regional order in the region remains a highly complex and difficult proposition, one with, according to many observers, slim chances for success.

Single title

An Assessment of the International Conference on Libya

by Canan Atilgan, Simon Engelkes

Following the initiative of French President Emmanuel Macron, an international conference on Libya took place in Paris on 29 May 2018, in an effort to advance the political unification and reoconsilitation process in the country. The conference was held under the patronage of the UN Special Envoy to Libya. Macron had previously brought together two Libyan key players in France. The French initiative is widely understood as a clear message that France wants to take the lead in the stabilization of Libya. The publication is in German.

Single title

The Fight Over Libya's Oil

by Simon Engelkes

Libya's oil crescent has been shaken by clashes between militias and the forces of Khalifa Haftar recently. This is not the first time that the Gulf of Sidra became the scene of Libyan power struggles. The recent developments around the two oil terminals Ras Lanuf and El-Sidr showcase the fragmented political and economic conditions in Libya, which are exacerbated by the parallel structures in West and East. The publication is in German.
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