Event Reports - Vietnam Office
Quarterly Macroeconomic Report II/ 2019
The Vietnam Institute for Economic and Policy Research (VEPR) in cooperation with KAS Vietnam launched its quarterly report II/2019 on July 11. The report was presented by Dr. Nguyen Duc Thanh, President of the VEPR. Vietnam’s economy grew at 6,71% (yo), lower than the figure Q1/2019 at 6,79%. The growth in the agro-forestry-fishery, service and industrial sectors slowed down the first half of 2019. The FDI sector played crucial roles in economic growth through exports. Established Vietnamese economists including Dr. Vo Tri Thanh, Dr. Can Van Luc and Dr. Nguyen Nhu Phong commented on the VEPR economic report and answer questions of journalists on the plan of downsizing state personnel and state investment allocation.
Criminal liability of Legal persons in Vietnamese Criminal Laws
In cooperation with KAS, the Department of Criminal and Administrative Legislation of the Ministry of Justice organized a training on the 2015 Penal Code's provisions on the criminal liability of commercial legal persons and regulations on order and the role of defense counsel in criminal cases which are related to commercial legal persons that commit a crime. In the 2015 Penal Code, Vietnam introduced for the first time the concept of legal persons in its criminal code which led to major changes in the practice of criminal law enforcement. It is meant to effectively fight crimes of companies, especially to combat serious violations of economic and environmental laws as well as money laundry and terrorism financing. The training seminar provided the participant, which were mostly members of provincial criminal courts, with important information on criminal policies which will have to be applied to handle the violations of commercial legal persons and to ensure their liability. Even though the law was already ratified in 2017, there are no practical cases made yet, which is why this seminar was on a theoretical bases and the participants could ask their questions and raise concerns or issues. KAS and its partner (MOJ) are looking forward to further seminars to discuss the practical experiences which will hopefully be conducted soon.
Interpreting Chinese perception of International norms in the 21st century
Am 21. Juni 2019 organisierte die Diplomatische Akademie Vietnams (DAV) in Zusammenarbeit mit der KAS die zwölfte Konferenz der China Talk-Reihe. Diesmal interpretierte Prof. Shin Kawashima von der Universität Tokio die chinesischen Wahrnehmung internationaler Normen in einem modernen Kontext. Die Diskussion beschäftigte sich mit der Frage, ob China internationale Normen in Bezug auf Global Governance respektiere, sich ihnen widersetze oder sie reformiere. Ist China vielleicht sogar zu einem Agenda-Setter für internationale Normen geworden? Prof. Kawashima gab anhand einer Diskursanalyse von Reden und offiziellen Dokumenten interessante Einblicke in die Wahrnehmung internationaler Gesetze der Xi Jinping-Ära. Er erklärte Konzepte und Veränderungen in der chinesischen Diplomatie. Die Kommentatoren Prof. Nguyen Huy Quy und Dr. Do Thi Thuy waren sich einig, dass weitere Überlegungen und Vergleiche zwischen Chinas Worten und seinen Handlungen erforderlich sind, um das Gesamtbild der Wahrnehmung internationaler Normen zu verstehen. Am Ende wurden die Teilnehmer aufgefordert, Fragen zu stellen, und es entstand eine interessante Diskussion.
The 5th Ocean Dialogue: ASEAN Cooperation in the South China Sea
On 18. June 2019, KAS Vietnam and its partner, the Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam (DAV), hosted the fifth Ocean Dialogue. The event consisted of a thorough discussion between regional and international experts which discussed the possibilities and difficulties of ASEAN cooperation concerning the South China Sea dispute. Geographically, the dispute lies at the heart of ASEAN and is troubling the region ever since. At the centre of the discussion were traditional key issues such as the high-military equipment and the Sino-US competition in the region as well as non-traditional issues, for instance environmental-pollution and how a future cooperation in the region could look like. Mr. Edcel Ibarra, from the Philippines' Foreign Service Institute, elaborated two possible future senarios: The ASEAN + and the ASEAN – cases. In the first one, the non-claiming states would be engaged in multilateral agreements and discussions while in the second one, only claiming states would participate in the talks, which would have a huge risk of marginalizing the other states. Participants had the opportunity to share their opinions and raise questions in the end. The dispute remains topical which is why KAS and its partner (DAV) are looking forward to the next Ocean Dialogue.
The use of database management software for the service of the people’s petitions
On 24. and 25. June 2019, the Comission on People’s Petition of the Standing Committee of the Vietnam National Assembly in cooperation with KAS organized a training program for the handling of online petitions. In times of digitalization, citizens have numerous new ways to participate in the political life through the internet. To analyze and respond adequately to online petition, the committee developed a software which combines the possibility for citizens to submit petitions and enables the committee to examine them. In order to deal with the challenges and opportunities of the software, the training seminar provided skills and technique in using software to analyze the data and to answer voters’ petitions. Participants were encouraged to ask questions and to give feedback on the practical use of the software.
The Law on Handling Administrative Violations needs amendments
The Ministry of Justice`s Department of Administrative Violation Handling Management, in cooperation with KAS, held a seminar for the assessment of the Law on Handling Administrative Violations in order to amend and supplement the law more efficiently in the future. Experts from different departments were able to contribute their findings of implementing the current law. They identified specific issues with the law and gave recommendations for improvement. Most violations of the law can be recognized in the traffic and transport range. With the purpose of dealing with these increasing numbers, Dang Van Chung, Deputy Director of the Traffic Safety Department urged for the need of a working registration system of car owners with the aim of a better working sanction system if one violates the law. Mrs. Dang Hoang Oanh, Deputy Minister of Justice, listened to the experiences of the implementation process carefully. In the next step, the Department of Administrative Violation Handling Management will assess the findings of today’s seminar. The event was a contribution to the Vietnamese-German Dialogue on the Rule of Law.
Dialogue and Professional Training on Legal Service 2019 in the Northern Region
The Ministry of Justice’s Department of General Affairs in Legislative Development, supported by KAS, held a dialogue and professional training in order to equip legal staff with greater capabilities and to sharpen their skills in legal services. The event also was organized as a contribution to the rule-of-law dialogue between Germany and Vietnam. In a dialogue format and through direct interaction with participants, experts stressed the great importance of legal services in the process of law-making, promulgation and implementation. They also identified persisting challenges like a decrease in full-time legal staff positions and a lack of know-how in certain fields. In the following training, participants were able to deepen their knowledge in legislative development, legal implementation and judicial reform as well as communication and public navigation on legal policies.
Equality in Accessing Resources for Vietnamese Enterprises: Lessons Learned from International Experiences
The Institute of State and Law (ISL) of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences and KAS organized a workshop on the equality in accessing resources for businesses. Vietnamese, Polish and Korean experts first gave insights into regional and international experiences. They later drew conclusions for Vietnamese enterprises accessing technological, financial and developmental resources. Policy implications and recommendations were given on how to improve Vietnamese enterprises’ access to resources and therefore their scope for growth and development.
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