Publications

From Partner to foes? The changing U.S.-China relationship in the post pandemic world.

- by Prof. Brahma Chellaney

The Wuhan-originating COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated a tectonic shift in the U.S.-China relationship. Meanwhile, given the international pushback against it, China can no longer discount the specter of international isolation and supply disruptions, which may explain Chinese President Xi Jinping’s new strategy of “dual circulation,” with its emphasis on domestic demand. This paper discusses the modalities even further with the title being "From Partner to foes? The changing U.S.-China relationship in the post pandemic world"

The Remaking of Indian Foreign Policy: Opportunities and Challenges

- by Prof. Brahma Chellaney

India may be a rising power but it continues to punch far below its weight. The task of Indian foreign policy is to change that. Indian diplomacy, however, faces several constraints, which range from increasingly fractious domestic politics to an ever more troubled neighborhood. India today confronts not only two regional adversaries, China and Pakistan, but also is at serious risk of being surrounded by a cordon of China’s friends. This paper will have a more closer look at the Indian Foreign Policy and understanding whether its objectives have been achieved .....

Securitization of Climate Change- Issues for Global and National Security

The Energy and Resources Institute and the India Office of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung aim to bring together a diverse set of perspectives on aspects of global security by involving experts through research and dialogue; the experts range from scientists to practitioners drawn from the domains of climate change, governance and security. The objective of this policy study is to discuss various aspects of ‘securitization of climate change’, which include non-traditional security, external security, internal security and political dynamics. The initiative aims to serve the constructivist function of informing the discussion on securitization of climate change in India and all over the world. Realists in international literature consider non-traditional security issues such as anthropogenic climate change, pandemics and food security as second-order problems especially for the major security powers of the world. Responses to the COVID-19 pandemic illustrate how a non-traditional security issue is of traditional security concern. Security establishments are actively involved in activities such as rescue, control, prevention and even cure. The United States Department of Defense, for instance, has army researchers who are working and collaborating to develop rapid COVID-19 testing technology and vaccines. India has also invoked the provisions of the Disaster Management Authority Act 2005 to treat COVID-19 as a national disaster and undertake measures, in coordination with state governments, for rescue, relief and rehabilitation. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1625 of 2005 has broadened the role of the UNSC by adding conflict prevention through addressing ‘root causes’ in its ambit. In the five UNSC open debates that have transpired so far, China and the Russian Federation have opposed while France and the United Kingdom have supported the UNSC dealing with climate change as a security threat. The United States of America has been ambiguous on this aspect. All participating members of the European Union and the Pacific Small Island Developing States, and a majority of the Alliance of Small Island States favour UNSC dealing with climate security concerns. A majority of the member states of the Group of 77 and the Non- Aligned Movement have opposed the legitimization of the UNSC in dealing with climate change. Emerging narratives position climate change and security using three rationales. First, in terms of ‘adaptation’ as climate change and environmental changes pose significant risks for the traditional security structures themselves. Second as ‘disaster response mechanism’ where armed forces need to be well trained and equipped to ensure that humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and non-combatant evacuation operations are provided on a timely basis. Third, in terms of ‘conflict mitigation’ as nontraditional security challenges can lead to disasters and environmental degradation which in turn could lead to disasters hence requiring traditional security structures. The first two rationales are more widely accepted in countries while the third rationale (conflict mitigation) is still not supported with evidence. Traditional security may not be an inclusive way of approaching climate change but then again, traditional external and internal security institutions cannot be discounted. Security structures at the national level may need to be deployed fully towards objectives of adaptation and disaster response. However, international goals, given the aspect of historical responsibilities for climate change, will not be served by securitisation but through equitable norms of international cooperation.

The India-EU Partnership: A New Era of Multilateral Cooperation

- by Aastha Kaul

Konrad Adenaeur Stiftung hosted the India-EU-Germany Dialogue on Effective Global Governance: A New Era of Multilateral Cooperation. The Dialogue carried an Indian delegation to exchange views on the future of multilateralism. The delegation visited three key European cities namely Geneva, Brussels & Berlin, each home to significant institutions that undergird the international governance architecture, where discussions explored potential avenues for India-EU multilateral cooperation on international, European, and bilateral levels.

The Challenge of Building a “Free and Open” Indo-Pacific Region

- by Prof. Brahma Chellaney

The Indo-Pacific region, uniting the Indian and Pacific oceans, is the world’s economic and geopolitical hub.

A Special Relationship Between Two Democratic Powers (Indo-German Relations)

- by Prof. Brahma Chellaney

A paper on the special relationship that India and Germany have forged.

BLUE ECONOMY - "Global Best Practices Takeaways for India and Partner Nations"

- by FICCI & KAS

Comprehensive Study on Blue Economy dealing on exploitation and preservation of the marine environment

KAS Indien

One Country, One Flag, One Constitution!

Special status of the Jammu and Kashmir revoked

The provisions of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, which gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) by giving it autonomy over internal administration of State, State’s own Flag and constitution, was read down through presidential order and thereafter a Bill of Reorganisation to convert J&K from a state of the Indian Union into two separate Union Territories (UTs) also sailed through with more than 2/3rd majority in both the houses (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) of Parliament (Had it been a constitutional amendment, even that would have sailed through!!). The state was divided into two Union Territories- J&K with an elected legislature including the area of POK and the Ladakh division including Aksai Chin but without legislature. This historic decision taken on 5th August 2019 also included deletion of Article 35A.

Internship report Chale Gobbet

Chale, a Global Studies Master student from Freiburg in Germany, has been with the India office of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung for two months and handled a wide range of tasks in the program department.

Eulogy on Sushma Swaraj

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung India mourns the demise of former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj last night. She was a well-respected and a sharp political advocate for the nation with a warm and compassionate personality, to which former Country Representative Dr. Beatrice Gorawantschy and Mr. Pankaj Madan bear testimony after a meeting in her office some years ago. The photograph was taken during the last Raisina Dialogue in January 2019, organized by the ORF, KAS and other partners where she delivered the closing remarks of the inaugural session.