Country Reports

Short political reports of the KAS offices abroad

Reuters/Laura Hasani

Das Kosovo hat eine Präsidentin: Eine Chance für politische Stabilität

Die ehemalige KAS-Stipendiatin Vjosa Osmani wurde zur neuen Präsidentin des Kosovos gewählt. Nach dem Rücktritt Präsident Hashim Thaçis im vergangenem Jahr aufgrund einer Anklage in Den Haag, war sie bereits als Parlamentspräsidentin geschäftsführend im Amt.

KAS

Parliamentary Election in Kosovo: Will the Victor also Become Prime Minister?

Clear Election Victory for Albin Kurti’s Vetëvendosje Movement

According to the latest figures, Albin Kurti's Vetëvendosje almost secured an absolute majority with 48.95 per cent of the vote. Less than two years after the last general election in 2019, Kosovans were called to the ballot box once again on 14 February 2021. A decision by the Constitutional Court of Kosovo on 21 December 2020 set the scene for this early vote. It declared the parliament’s election of the incumbent Prime Minister, Avdullah Hoti, on 3 June 2020, to be unlawful, since a parliamentarian whose previous conviction should have barred him from entering parliament cast the decisive vote for an absolute majority (61 out of 120). This election is also particularly important because the resignation of President Hashim Thaçi on 5 November 2020, due to an indictment before the Kosovo Specialist Chambers for War Crimes in the Hague, warrants the election of a new president within a period of six months for which a two-thirds majority is needed. Whether a potential one-party government under Vetëvendosje can also elect a president remains to be seen.

Estonian Foreign Ministry / flickr / CC BY 2.0 / https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/

Unstable Political Situation in Kosovo

The Kosovo Special Tribunal Confirms the Most Important Charges

On 5 November, Hashim Thaçi, President of the Republic of Kosovo and former political leader of the UÇK (Kosovo Liberation Army), resigned from office as State President following confirmation of his indictment by the Kosovo Special Tribunal in the Hague. During a press conference, Thaçi explained that he would step down as President to safeguard the integrity of Kosovo and would present himself to the Hague. A few hours earlier, Kadri Veseli, Leader of the PDK (Democratic Party of Kosovo, third strongest party in the 2019 elections), former President of the Parliament and Chief of the Kosovo Secret Service during the war, declared that the indictment against him had also been confirmed in the Hague, and that he would voluntarily present himself to the Special Tribunal.

reuters/Hazir Reka

Change of Government in Kosovo: 
 Constitutional Court Paves the Way

According to the Constitutional Court ruling, a new government led by Avdullah Hoti of the LDK is expected to be formed swiftly

Following the overthrow of the previous government by a vote of no confidence on 25 March 2020 initiated by the coalition partner Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), there has long been uncertainly about further political developments on the Kosovo field. Although on 30 April President Hashim Thaçi had mandated Avdullah Hoti of the LDK to form a government, the legitimacy of the mandate was however called into question and brought before the Constitutional Court by members of the Vetëvendosje (VV), the party belonging to the toppled Prime Minister Albin Kurti. The legal blockade for the formation of a new government has now been eliminated with the final decision taken by the Constitutional Court: late in the evening on 28 May, the Constitutional Court ruled that President Thaçi acted lawfully when he gave Hoti the task of forming the government.

REUTERS/Alkis Konstantinidis

Balkans: Geopolitics in Times of Corona

Foreign Aid and Public Relations Work and Their Perception in South East Europe

The coronavirus pandemic is a stress test for global value chains, national health systems and the resilience of societies – with no clear outcome. Against the backdrop of the crisis, we are also witnessing a geopolitical, systemic competition to win the hearts and minds of states and societies and to dominate global narratives. True to the motto that every crisis harbours an opportunity, the People´s Republic of China and the Russian Federation in particular are striving to gain sympathies in selected countries through rapid aid and its propagandistic staging, so as to highlight the superiority of their own systems and thus to expand their soft power. It would be naive to assume that their actions are guided solely by humanitarian considerations and international solidarity. What´s more, they are applying illegitimate methods such as fake news and disinformation campaigns as well.

AgronBeqiri / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

Regierung im Kosovo zerbrochen: Misstrauensvotum in Zeiten von Corona

Regierungskoalition der ungleichen Partner Vetëvendosje und Demokratische Liga des Kosovo durch Misstrauensvotum zu Fall gebracht – Handlungsfähigkeit der Exekutive in Gefahr

Über den von der konservativen LDK initiierten und von 42 Abgeordneten unterzeichneten Misstrauensantrag gegen die eigene Regierung wurde am Abend des 25. März 2020 nach einer 12-stündigen Marathonsitzung abgestimmt. 82 Abgeordnete stimmten gegen die von Ministerpräsident Albin Kurti (VV) angeführte Regierung, 32 Parlamentarier sprachen ihm das Vertrauen aus, einer enthielt sich. Die Koalition der ungleichen Partner, der linksnationalistischen VV und der Mitte-Rechts-Partei LDK, ist damit nach nur 52 Tagen zerbrochen. Inmitten der Corona-Krise steht im Kosovo die Handlungsfähigkeit der Exekutive zur Disposition. Nur wenige Stunden nach der Abstimmung wurde Kurtis Gegenspieler Avdullah Hoti (LDK) von der Position des ersten stellvertretenden Premierministers enthoben.

Foreign Investor Manual

This investors manual aims to provide basic informations about investments procedures and possibilities in Kosovo. Manual was written by Sytrime Dervisholli, head of Trade Department at Ministry of Trade and Industry Kosovo.

Rechtsstaatliche und -politische Entwicklungen im Kosovo

Am 27. Oktober 2015 wurde das Stabilisierungs- und Assoziierungsabkommen (SAA) zwischen dem Kosovo und der Europäischen Union unterzeichnet. Für den Kosovo bedeutet das nicht nur der Start des EU-Integrationsprozesses, sondern auch die Notwendigkeit tiefgreifender Reformen im Bereich der Rechtsstaatlichkeit.

Kosovo – Land der Migration

Lagebericht

Die Zahl der Menschen, welche Europas jüngstem Staat in den letzten 12 Monaten den Rücken gekehrt haben, schwankt zwischen 50.000 und 100.000.

Große Koalition im Kosovo

Am 19. November 2014 haben sich fünf Monate nach den Parlamentswahlen im Kosovo die zwei größten Parteien des Landes auf eine Koalition geeinigt. Vorausgegangen waren dieser Einigung parteiinterne Beratungen und ein Treffen bei der kosovarischen Staatspräsidentin, Atifete Jahjaga, zur Beendigung des politischen Stillstands im Kosovo. An dem Gespräch nahm auch die US-Botschafterin, Tracy Ann Jacobson, teil. Die beiden Parteivorsitzenden Isa Mustafa (LDK) und Hashim Thaçi (PDK) gaben bekannt, das Land in den kommenden vier Jahre gemeinsam regieren zu wollen.

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About this series

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung is a political foundation. Our offices abroad are in charge of over 200 projects in more than 120 countries. The country reports offer current analyses, exclusive evaluations, background information and forecasts - provided by our international staff.

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Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V.