Publications

jo.sau / flickr / CC BY 2.0

Reactions to the Belarusian provocations

Lithuania at the center of Belarusian provocations and illegal migration

One week after the preliminary apogee of the Belarusian provocations against Lithuania and the EU with a high number of illegal migrants at the Belarusian-Lithuanian border and verbal threats of possible terrorist attacks in Lithuania, the arrival of illegal migrants to Lithuania has initially stopped. However, this situation has led to consequences for the neighboring states of Latvia and Poland. Lukashenka continues to try to destabilize the situation. He wants to prevent illegal migrants from returning to Belarus. In a special session on August 10, the Lithuanian parliament made far-reaching decisions to deal with the crisis. It was decided to build a physical barrier and expand military powers. Not only the EU, but also NATO are now asked to provide support in the crisis.

Okras / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0

Illegal migration as a political weapon

About the situation on the Belarusian-Lithuanian border

The Belarusian ruler Alexander Lukashenko has repeatedly threatened the EU to allow refugees from war zones to enter the EU in response to the sanctions imposed on his country. The main target is Lithuania, which has an almost 680 kilometer long and mostly unprotected border with Belarus. The increase in illegal migrant flows from Iraq and African countries is actively promoted by the Belarusian regime. According to Ylva Johansson, the EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, this is not just a migration crisis, but an act of aggression aimed at destabilization.

Rimantas Lazdynas / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

Thirty Years since the January Bloodshed in Lithuania

Lithuania marks the Freedom Defenders’ Day on January 13th to commemorate the 14 victims that lost their lives during Soviet aggression exactly thirty years ago in Vilnius. The tragic events were of international significance as they marked the coming end of the Soviet Union. To this day, the memory of the bloodshed also reveals the stark divides between the Baltic States and Russia.

gemeinfrei

Lithuania Has Voted for Change

The outcome of this year’s run-off election confirmed the election result of the first round of voting

The outcome of this year’s run-off election confirmed the election result of the first round of voting. While in the last election the seemingly clear-cut victory was lost during the 2nd round of voting, it was mostly representatives from the centre-right parties who prevailed in this election, even in the run-off. As a result, Lithuania will have a new government headed by Ingrida Šimonytė. The run-off election took place in 68 constituencies and only three candidates won their constituency during the first round of voting, including Šimonytė. In the run-off election, the party of the prospective future Prime Minister was successful in 26 constituencies. With a total of 74 representatives from parties of a potentially centre-right coalition versus 67 of the then opposition parties, there are great prospects for a successful term of office.

wikipedia

Litauen vor der Parlamentswahl - Spannungsarmer Wahlkampf im Schatten von Covid

Kurz vor der Parlamentswahl bleibt das Wahlergebnis schwer vorhersagbar. Potenzielle Koalitionen werden wohl erst nach dem zweiten Wahlgang feststehen.

Am 11. und 25. Oktober werden die litauischen Bürger ein neues Parlament, insgesamt 141 Abgeordnete, für eine Amtszeit von 4 Jahren wählen. Bereits Anfang des Jahres nahmen in der Öffentlichkeit Diskussionen zu diesem Thema zu, deren Verlauf, wie auch die Situation im Land insgesamt, kurze Zeit später durch die COVID19-Pandemie wesentlich beeinflusst wurden. Die Gruppe der drei in den Meinungsumfragen führenden politischen Parteien bleibt seit längerem unverändert: Die Konservativen (Vaterlandsunion-Litauische Christdemokraten, TS-LKD), Litauischer Bund der Bauern und Grünen (LVŽS) und die Sozialdemokraten (Litauische Sozialdemokratische Partei, LSDP). Da die Parlamentsmehrheit es nicht geschafft hat, die 5-Prozent-Wahlhürde gesetzlich auf 3 Prozent zu reduzieren, haben die vor kurzem gegründeten Parteien weniger Chancen, in den Seimas gewählt zu werden, da nicht damit zu rechnen ist, dass sie größeren Zuspruch finden. Dadurch wird auch davon ausgegangen, dass in dem neu gewählten Seimas weniger Parteien vertreten sein werden.

Andrius Ufartas / DELFI

Economic Perspectives for Lithuania in Times of COVID-19

Economic Promotion Programme and a Corona Package of Measures to Help the Shrinking Lithuanian Economy

Various institutions estimate that we can expect the Lithuanian economy to shrink from 7.3 to 8.1 per cent in the year 2020 owing to the coronavirus pandemic. In March, the Parliament adopted a programme concluded by the government to promote the economy and mitigate the effects of Covid-19. One of the newly planned measures met with sharp criticism.

The European Elections from the Inside

Election Report issued by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung European Office regarding the 2019 European Parliament

The Election Report entitled “European Elections from the Inside” presents the results from the 2019 European Parliament elections from both a European and national perspective. Together with the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung’s other overseas offices, we have compiled a concise overview for each of the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU), which analyses the results in the respective countries against the backdrop of current developments. In doing so, this series of reports therefore makes a significant contribution to enabling a more in-depth understanding of the overall results from the 2019 European elections.

Litauen: Start in das Wahljahr 2019

Kommunalwahlen im Schatten der Präsidentschaftswahlen Bürgermeister der drei größten Städte im Amt bestätigt

Die Kommunalwahlen in Litauen fanden im Schatten der Debatten über die bevorstehenden Präsidentschaftswahlen statt. Obwohl auch noch die Wahlen zum Europäischen Parlament anstehen, werden die Präsidentschaftswahlen als Höhepunkt angesehen, nicht zuletzt, weil dem Präsidenten / der Präsidentin in der litauischen Staatsform der semipräsidentiellen Demokratie mehr Machtbefugnisse zustehen als in einer reinen parlamentarischen Demokratie.

Inclusion of national minorities into social, economic and political life

Policy non paper

Die Informationsbroschüre “Inclusion of national minorities into social, economic and political life”, die in Zusammenarbeit mit der Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung herausgegeben wurde, fasst die Erfahrungen Deutschlands, Norwegens und Schwedens bei der Integration der nationalen Minderheiten zusammen. Können die Lehren dieser Länder in LItauen berücksichtigt werden?

The Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung mourns the loss of Helmut Kohl

On the death of former German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and former President of the European Parliament, Hans-Gert Pöttering, writes:

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