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Country Reports

Libya - Developments in the Shadow of Corona

by Thomas Volk, Michael Bauer
Since May 2020, the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA), with massive help from Turkey, has succeeded in breaking the siege of Tripoli by Khalifa Haftar and his militias, supported by Russia, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, and regaining important territories. Both sides are massing troops along the new front line near Sirte. This may either lead to new military escalation of the conflict or split up the country into spheres of interest. In order to mitigate these scenarios, a joint European approach is urgently needed. This should include sanctioning the destructive role of external actors, strengthening the United Nations’ negotiating mission, supporting the revival of an internal political process in Libya and providing humanitarian aid to the country.

Changed Military Starting Position

After the failure of various international peace initiatives, the German government launched a political process in autumn 2019,bringingtogether at the Berlin Libya Conferencethe international and regional playersinvolved in the conflict in January 2020 and committingthem to end their support and comply with the international arms embargo in place since 2011. This was intended to pave the way for inner-Libyan ceasefire negotiations and reorganizationof the political system and the country's economic interests based onan action plan that was also presented at the conference.

 

Read the country report as pdf.

Contact Person

Thomas Volk

Portrait

Director Regional Program Political Dialogue South Mediterranean

thomas.volk@kas.de +216 70 02 94 60
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