Jihadist Landscapes in North Africa - Regional Programme Political Dialogue and regional Integration in the Southern Mediterranean
Especially in light of the crumbling “caliphate” of the so-called Islamic State, the question of a post-IS jihadist reality in the region arises. Thus, a thorough understanding of the new threat landscape in North Africa is necessary to identify national, regional, and international approaches beyond military strategies alone. Against this backdrop, the KAS Regional Program South Mediterranean organized an international expert workshop entitled “Jihadist Landscapes in North Africa” on 8 and 9 November 2018 in an effort to outline relevant jihadist groups in North Africa, discuss their enabling conditions, and present an outlook of jihadist terrorist activity in the region.
The workshop explored the North African landscapes of threat from different government perspectives; addressed the revival of al-Qa’eda in the Islamic Maghreb and the strategy of the Islamic State in North Africa, debated the exchange of knowledge, weaponry, and personnel between militant groups throughout the region; outlined the major challenges presented by the backflow of high numbers of battle-hardened fighters as well as the need for reforms in the national criminal justice systems; and current approaches of international responses to jihadist terrorism in North Africa before elaborating on how international and European organizations can adapt their strategies to the changing threat landscape and assist North African states in combatting Islamist militancy in the region.