Single title

Opposition in South Africa’s New Democracy

28–30 June 2000, Kariega Game Reserve, Eastern Cape

Following its triumph in 1994, the African National Congress (ANC) was again returned to power, this time with almost two-thirds of the vote, and hence because of South Africa’s adoption of the national list system of proportional representation, nearly two-thirds of themembers of parliament (MPs). This result appeared to reinforce analysis which suggested that the ANC was becoming a ‘dominant’ political party – that is, one that was unlikely to lose any electoral contest for national power in the foreseeable future.This in turn aroused fears in some quarters that the ANC might become increasingly unaccountable, and perhaps increasingly arrogant in its use of the state machinery. Consequently, the post election period saw the development of a debate in the media about what role opposition parties – apparently excluded from power long term (although the Inkatha Freedom Party continued to serve as a juniorpartner in government with the ANC) – should and could play, especially given their state of fragmentation.A larger number of difficult questions began to be posed: should the opposition parties seek to combine, and if so, along what lines and around what principles? Should they seek to oppose ‘robustly’ or ‘constructively’? Was there a danger that unity amongst particular opposition parties might bring about a further racialisation of South African politics?

Table of Contents

Introduction

Prof. Roger Southall, Professor of Political Studies, Rhodes University

Opening Remarks

Dr Michael Lange, Resident Representative, Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Johannesburg

Opposition in South Africa: Issues and Problems

Prof. Roger Southall, Professor of Political Studies, Rhodes University

The Realities of Opposition in South Africa: Legitimacy, Strategies and Consequences

Prof. Robert Schrire, Professor of Political Studies, University of Cape Town

Dominant Party Rule, Opposition Parties and Minorities in South Africa

Prof. Hermann Giliomee, Formerly Professor in Political Studies, University of Cape Town

Mr James Myburgh, Parliamentary Researcher, Democratic Party

Prof. Lawrence Schlemmer, formerly Director of the Centre for Policy Studies, Graduate School of Business Administration, University of the Witwatersrand

Political Alliances and Parliamentary Opposition in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Prof. Adam Habib, Associate Professor of Political Studies, University of Durban Westville

Rupert Taylor, Associate Professor of Political Studies, Wits University

Democracy, Power and Patronage: Debate and Opposition within the ANC and the Tripartite Alliance since 1994

Dr Dale McKinley, Freelance Journalist, Independent Writer and Researcher

The Alliance Under Stress: Governing in a Globalising World

Prof. Eddie Webster, Professor of Sociology, Wits University

‘White’ Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in South Africa

Dr Eddie Maloka, Director, Africa Institute of South Africa

Opposition in the New South African Parliament

Ms. Lia Nijzink, Senior Researcher, Institute for a Democratic South Africa

The Potential Constituency of the DA: What Dowries do the DP and the NNP Bring to the Marriage?

Prof. Hennie Kotzé, Professor of Political Science, University of Stellenbosch

A Question of Interest: Women as Opposition

Dr Louise Vincent, Senior Lecturer, Political Studies, Rhodes University

Cynicism at the Grassroots? Political Opposition in Kwazakele Township, Port Elizabeth

Ms Janet Cherry, Lecturer, Sociology, University of Port Elizabeth

The Electoral System and Opposition Parties in South Africa

Dr David Pottie, Senior Researcher, Electoral Institute of Southern Africa

The Politics of Adaptation and Equivocation: Race, Class and Opposition in 20th Century South Africa

Prof. Paul Maylam, Professor of History, Rhodes University

Race, Democracy and Opposition in South African Politics: As Other a Way as Possible

Prof. Gerhard Maré, Professor of Sociology, University of Natal-Durban

Reflections on the Politics of Minorities, Race and Opposition in Contemporary South Africa

Mr Ivor Sarakinsky, Lecturer, Political Studies, Rhodes University

Conclusion: Emergent Perspectives on Opposition in South Africa

Prof. Roger Southall, Professor of Political Studies, Rhodes University