Titre unique

Addressing the Lebanese Banking Crisis

Is a Good Bank – Bad Bank Reconstructing the Solution?

The crisis of the Lebanese banks is a major factor of the economic recession that Lebanon has been faced with since late 2019. The restructuring of the Lebanese banking sector is a precondition for an economic recovery.

With the Good Bank – Bad Bank methodology this paper seeks to propose a just and effective solution to address the Lebanese banking crisis. The plan is essentially to separate the good part of the bank, which is salvageable, from the bad part of the bank, which is too difficult to salvage. It is a scientific methodology for bank restructuring which begins with separating the commercial banks’ activity from their investment portfolio, and treating each part separately. Merging all of these sections into one bank was the greatest sin, so to speak, that led to the sector’s collapse.

This methodology has been applied by many international banks after the “great recession” financial crisis in 2008.  Following the global crisis, several euro-area countries set up asset management companies (AMCs), also known as ‘bad banks’, to address banks’ growing non-performing loans (NPLs) that were undermining financial stability. In 2009, the Irish authorities created the National Asset Management Agency (NAMA). The German Bundestag authorized the FMS Wertmanagement AöR in 2010. In Spain, the Management Company for Assets Arising from the Restructuring of the Banking Sector (Sareb) was created in 2012. These institutions were an important step in facilitating economic recovery and restructuring large and critically impaired banking institutions or the banking sectors of each respective country; a story which can be replicated to salvage and improve Lebanon’s banking sector as the country charts a recovery path from its current period of collapse.



Nour Alwan


Coordinateur de projet

Nour.alwan@kas.de +961 (0)1 388 095/6