EU Policy on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Ethics and Policy Recommendations for Vietnam

Artificial intelligence (AI) is expected to transform the economy and impact almost every aspect of human life over the next few decades. This provides a boost to the growing investments in AI research and development (R&D), as well as the rapid adoption of AI among the public, enterprises, organizations and governments worldwide. By 2030, AI could contribute up to $13 trillion to the global economy, a figure roughly equal to the current annual economic output of China, the world's second-largest economy. Moreover, as AI applications are expanding into many fields, early adopters will benefit in reaping economic benefits and have appropriate strategies in developing this field. The combination of large economic dividends, and social and military benefits, has spurred states to join in a race in this area to rapidly and effectively adapt AI in as many areas as possible. It can be seen that AI is the inevitable trend, having been and will continue to thrive, dominate in many areas and affect every aspect of human life. In the process of developing that besides the benefits it gives people also raises many ethical issues related to development, applications. Being a main player in the field of AI, EU also face problems arising from it and take preparation steps to be ready in AI times.


EU guidelines on AI ethics

The EU’s AI Ethical Guidelines were first published on 18 December 2018, the revision after public consultation was published in April 2019. In the view of the Principles, AI is not an end in itself, but a promising means of increasing human development, thereby enhancing the well-being of individuals and society as well as common good, as well as bringing progress and innovation. In particular, AI systems can help facilitate the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, such as promoting gender balance and addressing climate change, rationally using our natural resources, promoting our health, mobility and manufacturing processes, etc.

The revised AI ​​Ethical Guidelines following feedback received from the public consultation on the draft published on December 18, 2018 not only concerns with the reliability of AI systems themselves, but also requires a holistic and systematic approach that includes the reliability of all actors and processes that are part of the system's socio-engineering context in its entire life cycle.

These guidelines address to all AI stakeholders who design, develop, implement, use, or be affected by AI, including but not limited to companies and organizations, researchers, public service, government agencies, civil society organizations, individuals, workers and consumers. Stakeholders committed to achieving reliable AI may voluntarily choose to use the Principles as a method of delivering on their commitments, particularly by using Chapter III's list of factual assessments when develop, implement, or use AI systems. This list of reviews can also supplement - and therefore be included - existing audit processes.

Trustworthy AI has three components, which should be met throughout the entire system lifecycle:

           (i) be lawful, comply with all applicable laws and regulations;

          (ii) be ethical, ensuring adherence to ethical principles and values; and

       (iii) must be robust, both from a technical and social perspective, since even with good intentions, AI systems can cause unintentional harm.

Each of these three components is necessary but not sufficient to achieve reliable AI. Ideally, all three components work in harmony and overlap in their activities.

AI and AI ethics in Vietnam

The Vietnamese government has identified artificial intelligence as one of the breakthroughs and spearhead technologies of the industrial revolution 4.0. Since 2014, AI has been included in the high-tech list with priority for development investment. Over the years, the Government has approved the list of high-tech products prioritized for investment and the list of high-tech products encouraged for development, in which AI is included in the list of high-tech prioritized for development investment. The Government's will to develop AI is also reflected in a series of documents such as: (i) Directive No. 16/CT-TTg dated May 4, 2017 of the Prime Minister on enhancing accessibility Industry 4.0 identifies AI technology as one of the breakthroughs and spearhead technologies of Industry 4.0; (ii) The Resolution of the Government meeting in March 2018 set out the task of researching, assessing the impact and developing the National Strategy on Industry 4.0.

In the process of formulating the Strategy, AI technology will be carefully evaluated and researched to form specific strategies, roadmaps, solutions for AI development and application that best suit the reality and potential of the company. Vietnam; and (iii) especially the National Strategy on Research, Development and Application of Artificial Intelligence to 2030, issued on January 26, 2021 with the goal of becoming a center of innovation and development solutions and applications of artificial intelligence in the ASEAN region and the world.

It can be said that Vietnam has made initial moves in the process of establishing a legal system for the development and application of artificial intelligence in life. The reality of AI development in Vietnam in recent years shows that AI application has contributed to the creation of new technology products, promoting the development of many fields such as information and communication technology, healthcare, and travel.



Vu Thi Thu Phuong


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