The 11th OCEAN DIALOGUE - Auslandsbüro Vietnam
Hybrid activities were introduced in the early 2000s, referring to the combined use of conventional and unconventional means (both conventional and unconventional techniques) in a wide range of dimensions (on land, in the air, or at sea; on the battlefield or in the political arena, physical or cyberspace) by various actors (from armed forces, academics, to irregular actors such as militia or bloggers) in order to win a competitive situation. In terms of academia, the concept of hybrid activities is still undergoing debates due to its ambiguous nature. It is particularly relevant to the range of tactics and activities that can be included in a hybrid strategy (some even include information diplomacy and lawfare as hybrid tools). The use of hybrid activities has already become widespread around the world. Session 1 will include case studies and typical hybrid activities, as well as possible scenarios, followed by a discussion of lessons learned.
A growing trend in hybrid activities is the use of non-kinetic techniques, which refer to methods other than direct military action (such as economic warfare, information warfare, or lawfare, etc...). Hybrid warfare is also characterized by the important role of non-state actors, which could consist of militias, armed groups, and private security companies. In this session, panelists will discuss various non-kinetic, non-military aspects of hybrid warfare and gray zone operations.
The rapid development of high technology, such as the Internet of Things, big data and artificial intelligence, has greatly simplified life in many ways. Nevertheless, they can also offer new weapons for warfare and create new battlefields in a hybrid or gray zone environment. Session 3 focuses on the relationship between hybrid warfare and new technologies. As an example, how has the cyberspace been used (or misused) as a new battlefield between nations and how have autonomous vehicles become such an important weapon that could determine the outcome of a conflict?
Once the threats posed by hybrid warfare and gray zone operations have been explored, the central question for international policy-makers is how to manage hybrid activities. In this manner, nations are able to take full advantage of the advances in science and technology without opening a Pandora's box filled with more deadly and dangerous weapons of war. At Session 4, panelists and participants will have the opportunity to discuss policy and legal recommendations for managing threats associated with hybrid and gray zone activities.
11th July 2023
08.00 – 8.30 Registration
08.30 – 08.45 Welcome remark & Photo session
09.00 – 10.30 Session 1: Hybrid Activities from Myths to Realities.
Moderator: Dr. Nguyen Hung Son
Vice President, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam
- Captain navy Sukjoon Yoon
Senior Fellow, Korea Institute for Military Affairs, Republic of Korea (retired)
- Commodore Debesh Lahiri
Executive Director, National Maritime Foundation, India
- Representative from DAV (TBC)
- Dr. Peter Layton (TBC)
Griffith Institute, Australia
10:45 - 12:15 Session 2: Identifying Non – Kinetic Toolbox of Hybrid Threats
- Dr. Iryna Bodganova
Postdoctoral Researcher, World Trade Institute, Switzerland
- Captain Tian Shi Chen
President of the Global Governance Institute, China
- Prof. Hideshi Tokuchi
President, Research Institute of Peace and Security, Japan
- Prof. James Kraska
Naval War College, the USA
14:00 - 15:30 Session 3: High-technology - A Key Enabler of Hybrid Threats?
Moderator: Florian C. Feyerabend
Resident Representative, KAS Vietnam
- Dr. June Osawa
Senior Research Fellow, Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Nakasone Peace Institute, Japan
- Prof. Robert Beckman
Center for International Law, NUS, Singapore
- Mr Ferdinand Alexander Gehringer (online)
Policy Advisor Homeland and Cybersecurity Department International Politics and Security Affairs,
Division Analysis and Consulting, Konrad- Adenauer-Stiftung, Germany
- Dr. Rajeswari Pillai Rajapagopalan
Director of the Center for Security, Strategy and Technology, Observer Research Foundation, India
15.45 - 17:15 Session 4: Policy and legal recommendations to manage hybrid activities
- Dr. Tharishini Krishnan
Senior Researcher, National Defence University, Malaysia
- Mr. Neil Silva
Institute for Maritime Affairs and Law of the Sea, Philippines
- Prof. Achmad Gusman Siswandi
Universitas Padjadjaran, Faculty of Law, Indonesia
- Dr. Alexandre Lott
Norwegian Center for the Law of the Sea