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Country Reports

The world's most populous country

by Elias Marini Schäfer

Blessing or curse?

According to the latest UN report entitled "8 Billion People, Infinite opportunities", which was published in April 2023, India is now the most most populous country in the world. It has surpassed its geopolitical rival China, whose population in 2022 declined for the first time in six decades, with a birth rate of only 1.24 children per woman. The average Indian is now is now about 10 years younger than his Chinese counterpart. But what are the consequences and implications of India's population increase? Are these effects bound to national borders or do they have international implications? Can we speak of a demographic dividend or rather of a demographic crisis? And what impact does the demographic trend have on the country's rapid economic growth?

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The full-length publication is only available in German.



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Dr. Adrian Haack

Portrait Adrian Haack

Director KAS Office India +91 11 45506834
+91 26113520
+91 11 45506836

Elias Marini Schäfer

Elias Schaefer

Head of Publications and Communications at our office in india +91 11 24113520 / +91 11 45506834 +91 11 45506836


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