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MK Zuaretz opened the conference and acknowledged the activities of the IWN and KAS to help improve the status of women in Israel in all spheres of life. The work-life balance bills, based on the adaptation of existing models from abroad, were presented by Adv. Odelia Levy-Ettinger in order to lobby Members of Knesset for their support to bring the bill to a first reading on the Knesset floor in the near future. The bills advocate:
- Flexible work hours for parents of young children or those who are the primary caretaker of a relative.
- More professional part-time positions (50-80%) to be offered to those who want to continue to work professionally part time.
- Working hours are constantly being increased in a competitive workplace and employees are working later hours and on weekends.
- Women are affected hardest by this and thus, are less likely to succeed and move up in their career.
- There are still large salary gaps between men and women.
The Laws could be based on the 2002 Employment Act as passed in the United Kingdom: The employee has the right to request flexible hours and employer must consider the request and give a written response with detailed explanations.
The legislation’s goal is to change the discourse in the workplace and eventually change workplace culture. But it is important to note that the law does not require, but forces employers to seriously consider the requests. Research has shown that companies that have work-life balance programs in place have less employee turnover as well as a higher rate of employee satisfaction and motivation.
British Telecom was presented as a case study:
- In 2007, British Telecom had 100,000 employees; 80,000 worked flexible hours, 15,000 were permanent at-home workers.
- 98% of women came back to work after maternity leave as opposed to 40% in average in the United Kingdom.
MK Eitan Cabel from the Labor Party explained his participation in the conference by stating his belief in men’s involvement in these issues (it does not concern only women). These work-life balance laws are similar to the Reservists’ Law that is currently under review. Unfortunately they will be difficult to pass but it is a great step in the right direction and they will help change perceptions.
For MK Daniel Ben Simon (Labor), Israel needs new forward-thinking legislation such as this to help push the country into the future. The issue of the lack of women in public office and service must also be addressed; women must hold the same offices as men in order for real change to take place.
The presentations by panel participants were followed by a discussion with the public. Moshe Levin, Deputy-Director of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Labor, confirmed that as a private citizen, he fully supports this law. Nevertheless, it will be difficult for government offices to offer part time positions. He would prefer full-time positions with flexible hours. In his ministry, rules exist to help mothers (such as no meetings after 14:00), although they are hard to enforce.
Ms. Orna Segal, Director of Manpower (one of Israel’s largest human resources companies) does not believe such laws are really needed as today’s worker is looking for flexibility and will not accept positions that do not offer it. As a matter of fact businesses and organizations were starting to take notice and change accordingly. The business environment is adapting and in order to retain employees employers ought to provide flexibility. Otherwise employees will seek better offers and leave.
Ms. Hamutal Ben-Dor, Deputy-Director of Wages at the Ministry of Finance stated that Government is a great place for women/mothers to work. She provided some data on women in the workforce:
- 65% of the 56,000 government jobs are occupied by women.
- In average, women earn 25% less salary than men (usually because of lower positions and less overtime).
- Most women work in positions of an administrative nature (lower ranking than men).
- Pensions and benefits are based on academic education and on seniority.
The conference, which addressed issues rather novel in Israel, attracted a large number of participants, especially women in prominent positions in the business world, heads of city councils, lawyers, students and representatives of women’s organizations.
Through the bill proposals of work-life balance, this conference aimed at promoting the creation of a working environment that encourages a balance between the professional and personal lives of the Israeli worker. The aim is to alleviate and lessen the pressures of dealing with professional responsibilities and personal family obligations. Additionally, it would allow women to fully integrate into the workforce in a variety of positions. The bills also brought up another issue which will become of vital importance in the future: equal pay for equal work.
This very special event at the Knesset symbolizes what the joint activities of KAS and IWN stand for: the advancement of women, the fight for equality in all fields and in particular to give all women the opportunity to combine work and career in better and more flexible working conditions, from which the families and society as a whole will benefit.
Michal Kabatznik and Catherine Hirschwitz