Country Reports

Japan's Defense and Security Policies

What's Old, What's New, What's Ahead

Analysis of the contents, changes and developments in Japan's defense policy since Tokyo adopted the so-called “National Defense Program Guidelines” (NDPG) in December 2010 by Prof. Dr. Axel Berkofsky, Professor and Gianni Mazzocchi Fellow at University of Pavia, Italy, and Senior Associate Research Fellow at the Institute for International Political Studies, Milan (ISPI).